AS OCR History- Churchill 1920-1945

A revision guide for the F963/02 specification for 'Churchill 1920-1945', has all the key topics and probably all the knowledge you'll need for the exam. 

HideShow resource information
Preview of AS OCR History- Churchill 1920-1945

First 271 words of the document:

A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02
Churchill's ministerial offices
1) 1st Lord of the Admiralty- 1911-1915
2) Minister of Munitions- 1917-1918
3) War Secretary- 1919-1921
4) Colonial Secretary- 1921-1922
5) Chancellor of the Exchequer- 1924-1929
6) 1st Lord of the Admiralty- 1939-1940
7) Prime Minister- 1940-1945
Timeline of British Prime Ministers
1) H.H. Asquith- 1908-1916
2) David Lloyd George- 1916-1922
3) Andrew Bonar Law- 1922-1923
4) Stanley Baldwin- 1923-1924
5) Ramsay Macdonald- 1924-1924
6) Stanley Baldwin- 1924-1929
7) Ramsay Macdonald- 1929-1935
8) Stanley Baldwin- 1935-1937
9) Neville Chamberlain- 1937-1940
10) Winston Churchill- 1940-1945
Churchill before 1920
The Tonypandy Riots 1910-11- Churchill as Home Secretary employed troops and the military to
supress the riots at Tonypandy. This would foreshadow his actions in 1919 and in 1926.
The Sydney Street Siege 1911- Churchill received poor media coverage for absurdly attending
Sydney Street where policemen were trying to get rid of anarchists, showing misjudgement.
The Gallipoli Campaign 1915- As FLOTA, Churchill guaranteed victory over the Germans by
defeating the Ottomans near the Dardanelles. It was a disaster costing thousands of lives, this
showed misjudgement which would come back again at Chanak in 1922 and Norway and Dunkirk in
1940. This would also foreshadow his role in pressing for the Mediterranean Strategy in WW2.
Key Topic 1- Churchill's career to 1929
Churchill and the Russian Revolution
Churchill was horrified when the Russian monarchy was executed following the Bolshevik
Revolution in October 1917. He saw communism as a dangerous and lethal force which he equated
to Labour in 1926 and in 1945.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02
Churchill urged the Cabinet to send military and economic aid to the Tsarists (Whites) against the
Communists (Reds) in the Russian Civil War as he felt that Britain had a moral obligation to help an ally
that had helped them win in World War One, however:
David Lloyd George didn't want to send troops to Russia and believed that Churchill's fear
of communism was hysterical
Ramsay Macdonald called him 'mad' for his obscene fears of something that was…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02
Churchill and Ireland
Lloyd George's Cabinet was generally opposed to giving Ireland 'Home Rule'- the idea of giving
self-government within the Empire as they feared that giving this to Ireland would mean Catholic
domination or 'Rome Rule'. However, Churchill favoured 'Home Rule' even if it had to be imposed by
force. On the topic of India, however, Churchill was outright against giving her any form of liberal
reform, including being granted Dominion status.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02
Experience- Churchill lacked financial experience and was unripe for taking the role
Reasons- he saw that previous Labour governments had returned to the Gold Standard and that the
financial consensus at the time demanded for it (individuals like Norman Montague and Felix
Schuster agreed with the return- they were leading bankers)
John Maynard Keynes- He disagreed with the Return as well as Otto Niemeyer who saw it as
increasing unemployment and decreasing wages for workers.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02
As the product of the Victorian era, Churchill was deeply influenced by the 'white man's burden' as
a means to govern primitive countries. He believed that the Indians couldn't govern themselves at
the moment and that by handing India to a caste-governed society this would bring despotism
between Hindus and Muslims. However, he did believe that Indians could govern India one day as he
did support the liberal Simon Commission of 1928.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02
Churchill and the Abdication Crisis 1936
King Edward VIII sought to marry an American divorcee, Wallis Simpson in 1936 but he was
opposed by the public and the government which led to his abdication of the throne to his younger
brother, George VI and his wife, Elizabeth Bowes Lyon (Our queen's father and mother.)
Out of touch- Many saw Churchill's abdication campaign, to keep the King, as outdated, rooted in
Victorian ethos.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02
The Anschluss of March 1938
Churchill saw the Anschluss as an act for preparing for war but didn't advocate military intervention.
Similar to how France and Britain didn't challenge Germany when she remilitarized the Rhineland in
1936. If they had done so, Hitler would've refrained from further expansionism. Similarly, Churchill
praised Chamberlain's policy of non-intervention in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) even
though Germany aided the Nationalists.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02
Churchill was hasty in rearming Britain. He needed to have waited for the development of
radar technology, new aircrafts as portrayed in the Battle of the Atlantic where U-Boats
overpowered the Royal Navy due to advanced technology.
Was Hitler really non-negotiable?
Was Churchill justified in supporting small countries unattached to the Empire than neglect
India and her own affairs?
Churchill was, however, supported by individuals such as Alfred Duff Cooper and Anthony
Eden.…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02
The Battle of Britain was won by the courage and determination of General Hugh Dowding as well
as the developments of technology under Baldwin and Macdonald but if Churchill had gotten his way
then perhaps Britain would've fallen in 1940, here's why:
Churchill wanted newly built Spitfires to accompany the fight in France but Dowding refused
this. This was key in securing British victory over the air.…read more

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Here's a taster:

A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02
Field Marshal Montgomery- He built on the works of Auchinleck and successfully beat the Germans
at the 2nd Battle of El-Alamein in October-November 1942. Churchill praised his efforts but
arguably failed to appreciate the works of Wavell and Auchinleck for guaranteeing the victory.
Similar to how he would fail to appreciate the work of General Slim in combating the Japanese in
Burma, 1943.…read more



this is very helpful thank you

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »