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A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02




Churchill's ministerial offices
1) 1st Lord of the Admiralty- 1911-1915
2) Minister of Munitions- 1917-1918
3) War Secretary- 1919-1921
4) Colonial Secretary- 1921-1922
5) Chancellor of the Exchequer- 1924-1929
6) 1st Lord of the Admiralty- 1939-1940
7) Prime Minister- 1940-1945




Timeline of British…

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A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02




Churchill urged the Cabinet to send military and economic aid to the Tsarists (Whites) against the
Communists (Reds) in the Russian Civil War as he felt that Britain had a moral obligation to help an ally
that had helped them win in World…

Page 3

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A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02




Churchill and Ireland
Lloyd George's Cabinet was generally opposed to giving Ireland 'Home Rule'- the idea of giving
self-government within the Empire as they feared that giving this to Ireland would mean Catholic
domination or 'Rome Rule'. However, Churchill favoured 'Home Rule' even…

Page 4

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A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02




Experience- Churchill lacked financial experience and was unripe for taking the role
Reasons- he saw that previous Labour governments had returned to the Gold Standard and that the
financial consensus at the time demanded for it (individuals like Norman Montague and Felix
Schuster…

Page 5

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A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02




As the product of the Victorian era, Churchill was deeply influenced by the 'white man's burden' as
a means to govern primitive countries. He believed that the Indians couldn't govern themselves at
the moment and that by handing India to a caste-governed society…

Page 6

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A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02




Churchill and the Abdication Crisis 1936
King Edward VIII sought to marry an American divorcee, Wallis Simpson in 1936 but he was
opposed by the public and the government which led to his abdication of the throne to his younger
brother, George VI…

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A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02




The Anschluss of March 1938
Churchill saw the Anschluss as an act for preparing for war but didn't advocate military intervention.
Similar to how France and Britain didn't challenge Germany when she remilitarized the Rhineland in
1936. If they had done so, Hitler…

Page 8

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A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02




Churchill was hasty in rearming Britain. He needed to have waited for the development of
radar technology, new aircrafts as portrayed in the Battle of the Atlantic where U-Boats
overpowered the Royal Navy due to advanced technology.
Was Hitler really non-negotiable?
Was Churchill…

Page 9

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A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02




The Battle of Britain was won by the courage and determination of General Hugh Dowding as well
as the developments of technology under Baldwin and Macdonald but if Churchill had gotten his way
then perhaps Britain would've fallen in 1940, here's why:
Churchill…

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A2 OCR History Winston Churchill 1920-1945 F963/02




Field Marshal Montgomery- He built on the works of Auchinleck and successfully beat the Germans
at the 2nd Battle of El-Alamein in October-November 1942. Churchill praised his efforts but
arguably failed to appreciate the works of Wavell and Auchinleck for guaranteeing the victory.…

Comments

suerobinson

this is very helpful thank you

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