OCR History B As: Liberal Sunset – The Rise and Fall of ‘New Liberalism’ 1890–1922 F981: Key Individuals

The impact of key individuals on the 1906 general election

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Preview of OCR History B As: Liberal Sunset – The Rise and Fall of ‘New Liberalism’ 1890–1922 F981: Key Individuals

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1906 General Election ­ Key Individuals
Lord Salisbury
Prime minister for 13 years 18851905
Previously successful political writer
Very successful
Balfour
Prime minister 19025
Lord Salisbury's Nephew
Intellect razor sharp mind
Little interest in social reform
Weak Leader
Sat on the fence unable to control Chamberlin
Underestimated public concern to issues such as Chinese Slavery
Dealt poorly with problems ­ Taff Vale case
Alienated the minorities ­ Education act and Nonconformists
Resigned in 1905 ­ didn't ask for general election ­ hoped forcing the Liberals to
take office would expose liberal divisions Didn't, in fact strengthened the Liberals
and united them
Joseph Chamberlin
Responsible for British policy During Boer War
Campaigned extensively for tariff Reform
Wanted economic integration of the empire and imperial preference
Wanted formation of imperial federation based on model of Bismarckian Germany
Caused Split of the conservative party
Resigned the conservative party in 1903 to campaign full time for tariff reform

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