OCR History B As: Liberal Sunset – The Rise and Fall of ‘New Liberalism’ 1890–1922 F981: Overview of Why The liberals won/Conservatives lost the 1906 general election

And overview of why the Liberals won/Conservatives lost the 1906 general election

All factors that could be included in an Essay

See my other Resources for 1906 general election notes on

  • Key Individuals
  • Boer War
  • & Tariff Reform
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  • Created on: 21-12-11 08:58
Preview of OCR History B As: Liberal Sunset – The Rise and Fall of ‘New Liberalism’ 1890–1922 F981: Overview of Why The liberals won/Conservatives lost the 1906 general election

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Overview Why the liberals won/ The conservatives
lost the 1906 General Election
Conservative Weaknesses
Balfour a weak leader
o Uncle retired a strong leader
o Lack of w/c sympathy
o Prone to hesitating and compromising no clear opinion
o Sat on fence lacked control and didn't make good decisionsUnable to unite
party lack of strong government lost votes
Chamberlin
o Tariff Reform
Increase price in food and clothing working class couldn't afford
Split Conservatives
o Imperial Preference
Split Party
Taff Vale Case
o set in common law that unions would be responsible for economic losses
when the Unions went on strike
o Conservatives refused to reverse ruling instead set up Royal commission
o Lost support of w/c and union members
Boer War
o Costly and embarrassing
o Showed Britain's weaknesses national efficiency
o Imperialism in poor light
o National scandal with Boer's treatment
o used funds planned for pensions
National efficiency
o Social studies of Booth and Rowntree
o Improving social situations of Germany and the USA
Education Act
o Providing Church run schools with Funds provided by the rates
o Alienated nonconformists
o Caused unionists to deflect to the Liberals
Chinese slavery
o Reminded people of concentration camps in Boer war
o Angered w/c why couldn't they have those jobs
Many conservatives refused to vote
Other nations were seen to be overtaking Britain as a political and economic power
Liberal Strengths
Strong Leadership ­ Campbell Bannerman
Liberal Revival ­ New Liberalism
o more collective policy
o Social Reform and intervention
o favoured by poor

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United over Free Trade
Social reform
1903 LibLab pact ­ antiunionist vote split as little as possible
Support of Trade unions
Wider class appeal Support of middle class, working class and non conformists
Better Campaign
Franchise reform decrease in voters in conservative areas & increase in w/c voters
Ability to mobalise preivioud untapped support
First past the post voting system didn't need as many votes (6900 compared to
Conservatives 15606) to gain a seat
Key strong Liberal Figures
o Gladstone
o Churchill
Campaigned in prodominetly…read more

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