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Nuclear Power Basics
The world's first large-scale nuclear power plant opened
at Calder Hall in Cumbria, England, in 1956 and
produced electricity for 47 years.
Nuclear Power Plants provide about 5.7% of the world's
energy and 13% of the world's electricity.
In 2011, the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency)
reported there were 443 nuclear power reactors in
operation in the world in 47 different countries.
Atomic Energy is a clean energy source alternative to
fossil fuels.…read more

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Basic Characteristics
When building a power plant a number of things need to
be considered.
Impact of the plant
Safety
Integration to the electric system.
Cooling water supplies.
Transportation availability.…read more

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Location Characteristics
Engineering Characteristics
Safety-related characteristics defining the effects of the
site on the plant (e.g., earthquake, flood, prevailing wind
direction)
Safety-related characteristics influencing the impact of
the plant on the site (e.g., population distribution)
Environmental aspects.
Other characteristics related to socio-economic or
cultural aspects. The socio-economic aspects include
effects on the availability of local services (e.g., housing,
medical services schools) due to the construction and
operating personnel; and the cultural impact can include
effects resulting from the construction of the plant on the…read more

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Uranium As A Fuel
Uranium 235 is the most common atom used for nuclear
power
It is a metal that is mined as an ore in large quantities.
Canada, Australia and Kazakhstan provide over half of
the world's supplies.
The reaction produces
heat that boils water
into steam to turn a
turbine and generate
electricity.…read more

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Global Energy Use
Total World Nuclear Power
Capacity increased by 12.3%
/year from 1981 to 1987, and by
1.3%/year from 1987 to 2007
GW ­ Gigawatt
TWh ­ Terawatt Hour
Btu ­ British Thermal Unit
(1055 Joules) The amount of
energy needed to heat one
pound of water by one degree…read more

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