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Slide 1

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Case Study: energy mix in UK
AS Geography, unit 2 energy, OCR…read more

Slide 2

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Energy mix
· Main energy source is oil/has- accounts for 80%
· Coal provides 10% energy and is less relied upon than
50 years ago
· Nuclear power provides 7% and renewable sources
provide 3%…read more

Slide 3

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Oil and natural gas
· North sea found to have vast oil supplies in 1964, but
extraction only started in 1974due to the 1973
energy crisis caused by the OPEC energy shock
caused by the Yom Kippur war, forcing UK to increase
its energy security by extracting oil from the North
sea as oil supplies were running low
· North sea oil and gas supplies now depleting meaning
increasing technology is needed to locate and extract
oil and gas supplies
· oil is most abundant fossil fuel and gas is the least
polluting fossil fuel…read more

Slide 4

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Oil and natural gas
· Most accessible fuel for UK due to UK's proximity to
the North sea
· Dependency on oil and gas is increasing as it is the
easiest to extract and therefore the cheapest
· Decreasing supplies mean that more supplies are
imported from Russia- about 10% is imported…read more

Slide 5

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Nuclear power
· 12 nuclear power stations but 9 are due to close
· Need for more energy created by nuclear power due
to decreasing oil and gas supplies in North sea and to
increase energy security
· Social opposition due t health fears due to radiation
leaks, nuclear disasters and spoiling natural landscape
· Can help meet EU's target for 20% energy to come
from sustainable sources by 2020 (202020)…read more

Slide 6

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· Used to be a major source of energy due to vast
· Supplies have decreased recently, reducing
dependency on coal
· Coal has become hard to extract as easily accessible
supplies have run out, increasing cost of extraction as
new techniques have to be used, increasing overall
price of coal
· Decreasing in its use due to it being the dirtiest and
most polluting fuel…read more

Slide 7

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