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Nazi rallies and festivals
Rallies were the easiest way to gain mass support and to keep the support of
During the 20's and 30's, the Nazi's used military-style parades to raise their
profile, to intimidate opponents and give the impression of a well-organised
Rallies were carefully organised and made use of all the Nazis resources e.g.
military, music and dance. They showed the true power of the Nazi regime
Liselotte Katscher- "I heard that Hitler was at the hotel Rosa. I was
curious... There was a huge crowd singing the national anthem... I had
always laughed at the Hitler salute...I soon realised I was raising my
arm...I thought that if all these people were so enthralled, there should
be something in it... so I tried to do something for this new movement."
Hitler usually made emotive speeches that appealed to the people and made
them believe that Hitler was a truly great leader
Specialists in designing and lighting used techniques to create a "Pop concert"
feel and the combination of uniforms, discipline, music, flags and symbols
added to the spectacle.
Parades brought the community together and Gobbels said "On 30th January
1933, the era of individualism finally died. The individual will be
replaced with the community of people."
After coming to power, the Nazis showed their power by holding large
processions in the streets and on the 30th January 1933, Hitler stood on the
balcony of the Reich chancellery to take the salute from 100,000 SA and SS
members during a torchlight procession.
Spectators were obliged to salute the flags of the SA and SS units as they
marched and German householders were expected to hand out swastika flags
People were monitored at these rallies by "Block leaders" and those who did
not conform were called "Politically unreliable" and could be dismissed from
Parades were seen as "Proof" that the German people were behind the regime
even though it was being manipulated by Gobbels and his propaganda team.
Gobbels said "All that goes on behind the backcloth belongs to stage
The Nuremberg rallies-
One of the most successful dates in the Nazi calendar. Many party members
attended, around 100,000 people. A "Cathedral" type light was created by flood
lights and members of the party stood underneath it and saluted. Music
accompanied the marching and Hitler gave a speech and Nazi members
paraded with their arms up to salute the Fuhrer. Films were made of these
rallies and shown in German cinemas. Many people were awed by the
Among various rallies, Hitler included a calendar of festivals that celebrated
key dates in the Nazi regime.
Ritual was important to the Nazis so they wanted to set out specific dates for
the people to comply with
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Failure to celebrate these days could lead to being reported to the Gestapo.
The 12 new national festivals celebrated ideology and key dates in the party's
During these days pictures of Hitler were in shop windows and swastika flags
decorated the street.…read more