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Nazi Policy towards Jews 1933-1945

Hitler had often made speeches referring to his hatred of the Jewish Race. The Nazi
25 Point Programme had made reference to the Jews, "Only members of the Nation
may be citizens of the State. Only those of German blood, whatever be their creed,

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signs read: "Germans, defend yourselves against the Jewish atrocity propaganda, buy
only at German shops!" and "Germans, defend yourselves, buy only at German
1934: Jewish shops marked with yellow star and/or labelled with "Jude(n)". Jews have
to sit on separate seats in buses or in parks.
1935: Jews forbidden…

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By January 1939: 45,000 Jews had left Germany as a result of Enforced Emigration.
This policy was deemed so successful that Goring set up a Reich Central Office for
Jewish Emigration to be run by Heydrich and Eichmann.
1939: Jews must use name Sarah or Israel. Forbidden from working with…

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How did the Nazis decide who was Jewish?

At the Wannsee Conference it was decided that if one of the person's parents
was Jewish, then they were Jewish.
However, if only one of their grandparents had been Jewish then they could be
classified as being German.
In 1940, all Jews…

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The Jews were transported in cattle cars in terrible conditions.
Naked, dirty and halfstarved people look like animals, which helped to reinforce
the Nazi propaganda.
The SS used to train their new guards by encouraging them to set fire to a pit full
of live victims ­ usually children.


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Successful Failure
+ The Nazis managed to kill at least 6 The Nazis aimed to kill 11 million Jews at
million Jews. Today there are only the Wannsee Conference in 1941.
2000 Jews living in Poland.
Men like Schindler helped Jews escape.

Not all Jews went quietly into the gas…

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but the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe!" ­ Adolf Hitler, 30th January 1939 (Appearing
before the Reichstag on the sixth anniversary of his coming to power).

Structuralist Historians and their views

Martin Broszat ­ Claims the idea developed from practice of sporadic murders of groups of Jews


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