Nazi Policy towards Jews 1933 - 1945

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Nazi Policy towards Jews 1933-1945
Hitler had often made speeches referring to his hatred of the Jewish Race. The Nazi
25 Point Programme had made reference to the Jews, "Only members of the Nation
may be citizens of the State. Only those of German blood, whatever be their creed,
may be members of the Nation. Accordingly, no Jew may be a member of the
In Mein Kampf, Hitler talks of "the Jewish peril", which speaks of an alleged Jewish
conspiracy to gain world leadership.
Many Germans did not take his anti-Semitic speeches seriously. However upon
coming to power in 1933, Hitler embarked on a number of policies designed to
alienate and isolate the Jewish population from their fellow Germans.
Hitler used a mixture of legality, terror and propaganda in order to achieve his means.
April 1933: Boycott of Jewish shops, Jews banned from Government jobs,
restrictions on Jewish doctors and dentists.
September 1933: Banned from owning farms, banned from working in media, sacked
from industry jobs.
1933: Boycott of Jewish shops and businesses. Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph
Goebbels incites the crowd in the Berlin Lustgarten to boycott Jewish-owned
businesses as a response to the anti-German "atrocity propaganda" being spread
abroad by "international Jewry." Nazis force businessmen to march down streets
carrying signs that read: "Don't buy from Jews; shop in German businesses!" Nazi
Storm Troopers (SA) blocked the entrances to Jewish-owned stores in Berlin. Their

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Germans, defend yourselves against the Jewish atrocity propaganda, buy
only at German shops!" and "Germans, defend yourselves, buy only at German
1934: Jewish shops marked with yellow star and/or labelled with "Jude(n)". Jews have
to sit on separate seats in buses or in parks.
1935: Jews forbidden to join the Army. Nuremburg Laws. The Nuremburg Race Laws
of 1935 deprived German Jews of their rights of citizenship, giving them the status of
"subjects" in Hitler's Reich.…read more

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By January 1939: 45,000 Jews had left Germany as a result of Enforced Emigration.
This policy was deemed so successful that Goring set up a Reich Central Office for
Jewish Emigration to be run by Heydrich and Eichmann.
1939: Jews must use name Sarah or Israel. Forbidden from working with Aryans.…read more

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How did the Nazis decide who was Jewish?
At the Wannsee Conference it was decided that if one of the person's parents
was Jewish, then they were Jewish.
However, if only one of their grandparents had been Jewish then they could be
classified as being German.
In 1940, all Jews had to have their passports stamped with the letter `J' and had
to wear the yellow Star of David on their jacket or coat.…read more

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Successful Failure
+ The Nazis managed to kill at least 6 The Nazis aimed to kill 11 million Jews at
million Jews. Today there are only the Wannsee Conference in 1941.
2000 Jews living in Poland.
Men like Schindler helped Jews escape.
Not all Jews went quietly into the gas
In 1943, the Warsaw Ghetto, like many
others revolted against the Nazis when
the Jews realised what was happening.…read more

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Jewish race in Europe!" ­ Adolf Hitler, 30th January 1939 (Appearing
before the Reichstag on the sixth anniversary of his coming to power).
Structuralist Historians and their views
Martin Broszat ­ Claims the idea developed from practice of sporadic murders of groups of Jews
which led to the idea to kill all Jews systematically. It is Broszat's position that Hitler never took a
definitive decision nor issued a general order for the `Final Solution'.…read more


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