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Music



GCSE Revision



2008









Part II





Areas of Study











The Ultimate GCSE Revision Notes

OCR 2008


Area of Study II

Techniques of Melodic Composition:

Plainchant
Folk music of the British Isles
Melody in the Baroque and Classical periods
Serialism

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The Blues
Northern Indian Classical Music

Area of Study III

Dance Music:

Elizabethan Pavanne and Galliard
19th Century Viennese Waltz
Disco

Area of Study IV

Traditions and Innovation:

Salsa
Bhangra
Minimalism



Area of Study 2
Techniques of Melodic Composition


This area of study focuses on the ways in
which melodies…

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Serialism Note row
Blues Blue scale
Northern Indian Rag
Classical


Also you should be able to identify a
whole-tone scale






and microtonality (where the gaps between
the notes are smaller than semitones.








Plainchant ­ track 1

Official liturgical chant used in the Roman Catholic Church. It
was first heard in…

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Important words are set to melismas ­ where one
syllable is stretched out over several pitches

Harmony:

Plainsong is unaccompanied, and therefore has no
harmony
The most important note is called the final

Form:

The music follows the form of the words. If the text is
in verses this will…

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Harmonies are simple and repetitive
Often based on the primary triads

Form:

Strophic structure
Other simple structures such as binary and ternary
Very simple chorus that repeats between verses

Instrumentation:

Portable instruments that can be easily carried e.g.
penny whistle, accordion and fiddle

Texture:

Tune and accompaniment
Possibly heterophonic
Sometimes…

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Harmony:
All based around chords I and V - Tonic and
Dominant
Appoggiaturas
Cadential cliché ­ IIb Ic V 7 I
Harmonic Sequences
Tonic or Dominant Pedals (where the bass note stays
the same, usually either the tonic or the dominant,
while the chords above change)

Form:
Based around the…

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This can be played in several orders:
o Prime Order ­ the original order
o Retrograde ­ Backwards
o Inversion ­ mirror image
o Retrograde Inversion ­ backwards mirror image
Resulting melody is often extremely disjunct

Rhythm:

The rhythm is often determined by a pre-composed
sequence of rhythmic values.
The…

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was widespread in the southern United States by the late 19th
century. It became a popular genre in about 1910 and by 1950
had merged with other genres such as jazz to create new
sounds like Rock n Roll and Rhythm n Blues.

Melody:

Based on the blues scale (flat…

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You would hear this music in pubs, or more likely jazz / blues
festivals

Northern Indian Classical Music ­ Track 7

Originally perceived as an art form for the educated,
traditional performances are often given to a knowledgeable
audience, where most people understand the music and how it
is put…

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Sitar ­ long-necked plucked string instrument with frets.
Seven main strings plus 12 or so sympathetic strings that
vibrate and create the characteristic shimmering sound.








Tabla ­ a pair of two drums played with the hands, one
wooden and one metal. They can create many different
sounds.






Tanpura ­ an…

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