Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1

GCSE Revision


Part II

Areas of Study

The Ultimate GCSE Revision Notes

OCR 2008

Area of Study II

Techniques of Melodic Composition:

Folk music of the British Isles
Melody in the Baroque and Classical periods

Page 2

Preview of page 2
The Blues
Northern Indian Classical Music

Area of Study III

Dance Music:

Elizabethan Pavanne and Galliard
19th Century Viennese Waltz

Area of Study IV

Traditions and Innovation:


Area of Study 2
Techniques of Melodic Composition

This area of study focuses on the ways in
which melodies…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Serialism Note row
Blues Blue scale
Northern Indian Rag

Also you should be able to identify a
whole-tone scale

and microtonality (where the gaps between
the notes are smaller than semitones.

Plainchant ­ track 1

Official liturgical chant used in the Roman Catholic Church. It
was first heard in…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Important words are set to melismas ­ where one
syllable is stretched out over several pitches


Plainsong is unaccompanied, and therefore has no
The most important note is called the final


The music follows the form of the words. If the text is
in verses this will…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Harmonies are simple and repetitive
Often based on the primary triads


Strophic structure
Other simple structures such as binary and ternary
Very simple chorus that repeats between verses


Portable instruments that can be easily carried e.g.
penny whistle, accordion and fiddle


Tune and accompaniment
Possibly heterophonic

Page 6

Preview of page 6

All based around chords I and V - Tonic and
Cadential cliché ­ IIb Ic V 7 I
Harmonic Sequences
Tonic or Dominant Pedals (where the bass note stays
the same, usually either the tonic or the dominant,
while the chords above change)

Based around the…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
This can be played in several orders:
o Prime Order ­ the original order
o Retrograde ­ Backwards
o Inversion ­ mirror image
o Retrograde Inversion ­ backwards mirror image
Resulting melody is often extremely disjunct


The rhythm is often determined by a pre-composed
sequence of rhythmic values.

Page 8

Preview of page 8
was widespread in the southern United States by the late 19th
century. It became a popular genre in about 1910 and by 1950
had merged with other genres such as jazz to create new
sounds like Rock n Roll and Rhythm n Blues.


Based on the blues scale (flat…

Page 9

Preview of page 9

You would hear this music in pubs, or more likely jazz / blues

Northern Indian Classical Music ­ Track 7

Originally perceived as an art form for the educated,
traditional performances are often given to a knowledgeable
audience, where most people understand the music and how it
is put…

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Sitar ­ long-necked plucked string instrument with frets.
Seven main strings plus 12 or so sympathetic strings that
vibrate and create the characteristic shimmering sound.

Tabla ­ a pair of two drums played with the hands, one
wooden and one metal. They can create many different

Tanpura ­ an…


No comments have yet been made

Similar Music resources:

See all Music resources »