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Definition
of
Key
Terms
Key
Word
Definition
Pulse
The
beat
in
a
piece
of
music
Metre
The
number
of
beats
in
a
bar
Tempo
The
speed
of
the
music
­
measured
in
BPM
and
also
uses
metronome
markings
Simple
Time
Time
signatures
where
the
beat
is
divided
into
two:
typically,
a
crotchet
beat
divided
into
two
quavers
Compound
Time
Time
signatures
based
on
a
dotted
crotchet
beat,
divided
into
three
quavers,
for
example
6/8
Regular
Time
Music
which
keeps
to
a
single
time
signature
Irregular…read more

Page 3

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Italian
Tempo
Markings
Italian
Term
Meaning
Largo
Slowly
and
broadly
Adagio
`At
ease'
(play
slowly)
Andante
At
a
walking
pace
Moderato
At
moderate
speed
Allegro
Fast
Vivace
Lively
Presto
Very
quick
Accelerando
Gradually
speeding
up
Rallentando
Gradually
slowing
down
Ritenuto
Immediately
slower
Allargando
Getting
slower
and
broadening…read more

Page 4

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Time
Signatures
! Time
signatures
contain
two
numbers
! The
top
number
indicates
the
number
of
beats
in
each
bar
! The
bottom
number
indications
the
length
of
each
beat.…read more

Page 5

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Simple
Time
! This
is
where
each
beet
is
divided
into
two
equal
parts.…read more

Page 6

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Compound
Time
! In
compound
time
each
beat
is
divided
into
three
equal
parts.
Examples
of
compound
time
signatures
are:
6
9
12
8
8
8
A
feature
of
compound
time
signatures
is
their
use
of
dotted
notes.…read more

Page 7

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Dotted
rhythms
! A
dot
after
a
note
increases
its
value
by
half
again.…read more

Page 8

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Regular
rhythm
! Most
western
music
has
regular
rhythms
! This
means
that
when
you
listen
to
a
piece
of
music
you
can
feel
that
it
is
made
up
of
regular
groups
(bars)
of
pulses
(beats)
! This
is
the
`time'
or
`metre'
of
the
music
! Regular
rhythms
occus
in
duple
time
(2
beats
to
a
bar,
e.g.
2/4,
6/8),
triple
time
(3
beats
to
a
bar,
e.g.
3/4,
9/8)
or
quadruple
time
(4
beats
to
a
bar,
e.g.
4/4,
12/8).…read more

Page 9

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Irregular
rhythm
! Irregular
rhythms
are
those
that
do
not
fit
into
the
usual
rhythmic
patters
of
duple,
triple
or
quadruple
times
! Irregular
rhythms
often
have
time
signatures
such
as
5/4,
5/8,
7/4,
7/8,
where
each
bar
is
made
up
of
combinations
of
two-
and
three-beat
note
patterns…read more

Page 10

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Free
rhythm
! Music
that
is
in
free
rhythm
has
no
definite
metre
or
pulse
! In
this
kind
of
music
you
will
not
be
able
to
detect
a
regular
or
irregular
pattern
of
beats
! Accents
may
come
in
different
places,
giving
the
impression
that
the
time
signature
changes
every
bar,
or
you
may
feel
that
there
is
no
real
accent
or
pulse…read more

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