Pages in this set

Page 1

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Area
of
Study
One

Rhythm
and
Metre

Page 2

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Definition
of
Key
Terms

Key
Word
Definition

Pulse
The
beat
in
a
piece
of
music

Metre
The
number
of
beats
in
a
bar

Tempo
The
speed
of
the
music
­
measured
in
BPM
and
also
uses
metronome
markings

Simple
Time
Time
signatures
where
the
beat
is
divided
into
two:
typically,…

Page 3

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Italian
Tempo
Markings

Italian
Term
Meaning

Largo
Slowly
and
broadly

Adagio
`At
ease'
(play
slowly)

Andante
At
a
walking
pace

Moderato
At
moderate
speed

Allegro
Fast

Vivace
Lively

Presto
Very
quick

Accelerando
Gradually
speeding
up

Rallentando
Gradually
slowing
down

Ritenuto
Immediately
slower

Allargando
Getting
slower
and
broadening

Page 4

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Time
Signatures

! Time
signatures
contain
two
numbers

! The
top
number
indicates
the
number
of
beats
in
each
bar

! The
bottom
number
indications
the
length
of
each
beat.


! Common
bottom
numbers
are:

! 4
=
crotchet
beats

! 8
=
quaver
beats

! 2
=
minim
beats

Page 5

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Simple
Time

! This
is
where
each
beet
is
divided
into
two
equal
parts.

Examples
of
simple
time
signatures
are:






2
3
4




4
4
4

Page 6

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Compound
Time

! In
compound
time
each
beat
is
divided
into
three
equal
parts.

Examples
of
compound
time
signatures
are:







6
9
12





8
8
8




A
feature
of
compound
time
signatures
is
their
use
of
dotted

notes.

Page 7

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Dotted
rhythms

! A
dot
after
a
note
increases
its
value
by
half
again.


! For
example,
a
dotted
crotchet
lasts
for
one
and
half

crotchets


! A
dotted
quaver
lasts
for
one
and
a
half
quavers


! Dotted
rhythms
give
a
dance/skipping-like
feel
to
music

Page 8

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Regular
rhythm

! Most
western
music
has
regular
rhythms


! This
means
that
when
you
listen
to
a
piece
of
music
you

can
feel
that
it
is
made
up
of
regular
groups
(bars)
of

pulses
(beats)


! This
is
the
`time'
or
`metre'
of
the
music


! Regular
rhythms
occus…

Page 9

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Irregular
rhythm

! Irregular
rhythms
are
those
that
do
not
fit
into
the
usual

rhythmic
patters
of
duple,
triple
or
quadruple
times


! Irregular
rhythms
often
have
time
signatures
such
as
5/4,

5/8,
7/4,
7/8,
where
each
bar
is
made
up
of
combinations

of
two-
and
three-beat
note
patterns




Page 10

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Free
rhythm

! Music
that
is
in
free
rhythm
has
no
definite
metre
or
pulse


! In
this
kind
of
music
you
will
not
be
able
to
detect
a

regular
or
irregular
pattern
of
beats


! Accents
may
come
in
different
places,
giving
the

impression
that
the
time
signature
changes…

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