Love Through The Ages Prose, Plays, Poems Summary (English Lit. A2 AQA)

Love Through The Ages wider reading summary, including Shakespeare, metaphysical poets, modern authors, etc. Hope this helps :)

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Sonnet 130, William Shakespeare Sonnet 20, William Shakespeare
Early 17th Century ­ patriarchal society, Jacobean period Early 17th Century ­ patriarchal society, Jacobean period
Iambic pentameter, 14 lines long, rhyming couplet at the Iambic pentameter, 14 lines long, rhyming couplet, Volta in
end, Volta in the last two lines last two lines
"treads on the ground" - not a conceit, very realistic "mistress of my passion" - underlines why Shakespeare is
not gay
"my love as rare/ As any she belied with false compare" ­
just as special, and she shouldn't be compared to the "she prick'd thee out for woman's pleasure/ ... thy love's
fantasies of love, special to me use their treasure" ­ humerous sexual language, penis
defeated him: can't love like a woman
Sonnet 126, William Shakespeare A Sunday Morning Tragedy, Thomas Hardy
Early 17th Century ­ patriarchal society, Jacobean period 1860s ­ Victorian period, patriarchal society, beginning of
feminism and woman's movement
Iambic pentameter, 12 lines long, last sonnet addressed to
W.H, literary full stop, rhyming couplets throughout Ballad form, refrain "alas for me", iambic pentameter
"May Time disgrace and wretched minutes kill" ­ death "untimely fruit" ­ beautiful creation but not now, motherly
and eternity juxtaposed, time will ruin what was once love
beautiful, referenced as a motif throughout Shakespeare's
"wind whiffled wailfully" ­ alliteration sounds like crying
w-w-w sadness through death
Remember, Christina Rossetti Clearances, Seamus Heaney
1862 ­ Victorian period 20th century ­ post-modern period
Petrarchan sonnet (octave then sestet), iambic Petrarchan Sonnet (octave then sestet), broken iambic
pentameter, enjambment pentameter, irregular rhyme
"remember" ­ repetition of this throughout, love lives on "fluent dipping knives" ­ simple, fluid relationship
remember the good things and memories reminiscing the memories of this lost loved one
"Forget and smile/... remember and be sad" ­ juxtaposed "dying/...crying" ­ poignant rhyming couplet, effects
what do you do, remember the fond memories and be sad many people, realistic approach to a lost loved one
for the loss or forget and move on, don't reflect
Love after Love, Derek Walcott The Going, Thomas Hardy
20th Century ­ post-modern period 19th Century ­ Victorian period
Irregular structure, stanzaic poem Stanzaic structure, regular rhyme, rhyming couplets
"Take down the love letters from the bookshelf/the
photographs, the desperate notes, /peel your own image "The" ­ determiner, imminent
from the mirror./Sit. Feast on your life."
"darkening dankness/blankness" ­ sadness, nothing else,
lonely, uninviting
Late, Christopher Reid The Beggar Woman, William King
21st Century, 2009 ­ post-modern period Late 17th Century ­ patriarchal society, restoration period
Stichic poem - single stanza flow of conscious thought Stichic poem ­ single stanza
"wisped clean away" ­ death, hallucination over "rode astray" "break more backs"
"already too late.../ ... forgotten she'd died" - abrupt She dominates the conversation ­ woman in charge

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The Mad Mother, William Wordsworth To His Coy Mistress, Andrew Marvell
Late 18 Century ­ Romantic Period 1650s ­ Commonwealth period or Puritan Interregnum
Stanzaic poem, iambic tetrameter Stanzaic = persuasive argument, rhyming couplets
throughout, iambic tetrameter, metaphysical
"wild" "fire was once within my brain" ­ madness
"thirty-thousand" ­ CONCEIT
Carpe diem ­ seize the day relevant
"make our sun/...make him run"
They flee from me, Sir.…read more

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Late 19th Century ­ first performed in 1897 Victorian 20th Century (1952) ­ post world war II, Post-modern
Period, patriarchal society period
Play, stage directions, tone of voice, audience Play
"From now on, forget happiness. Now it's just about saving "clutched my back behind your house and sweated like a
the remains, the wreckage, the appearance.…read more

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One of the first female writers, establishing the novel: Backstory formed through first person narrative, begins
paragraphs, chapters, characters evolving, 3rd person and ends in America, paragraphs, sentence structure,
narratives following thoughts and feelings of Elizabeth metaphors, similes, non-chronological
Bennett, letters show thoughts and feelings of Mr.…read more


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