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Indrajeet Mandal

Living World revision notes
An ecosystem is somewhere both living things, such as plants and animals, and non living things, such as soil
and climate, interacts with each other.

Small scale ecosystems

Producers convert energy from environment into glucose (sugar) by photosynthesis. Consumers obtain
energy from producers. A…

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Indrajeet Mandal

Deciduous forests are found in temperate locations, such as Europe, North America and parts of East Asia
and Australia. They are not found near the equator, or near the poles, where the climate is more extreme.
They receive regular rainfall, but it varies each month. The temperature also…

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Indrajeet Mandal

conserved. Lots of leisure activities take place here, e.g. horse riding, running and biking. To manage the
forest, trees are being pollarded (cut down to a certain height of about 2-5m), and this gives us a supply of
wood but also leaves some for future generations. A large…

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Indrajeet Mandal

A national park has been created to protect 3000km2 of wildlife. This can be used for ecotourism,
which provides employment for local people.


Deforestation is a massive issue in the 21st century. Because developing countries are expanding at a rapid
pace, lots of rainforests are cut in…

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Indrajeet Mandal

Setting up conservation areas ­ some areas of the rainforest cannot be developed on. This can also
generate money through eco-tourism. This provides locals with employment, which means they do
not need to cut down trees for money.
The `debt for nature' also generates income, because richer countries…


Mr A Gibson


An excellent resource suitable for any of the exam boards including this topic. Well presented, easy to read and detailed.



Great notes, filled with most aspects of the living world topic. Very simple easy notes to understand and revise from.



This is really useful and has all the basic knowledge!

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