GCSE AQA GEOGRAPHY DEVELOPMENT

GCSE AQA GEOGRAPHY DEVELOPMENT

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Geography- development
Development- the way in which technology, service provision and quality of
life change as a country changes and grows economically.
The level of development of a country can be assessed in many different ways
but is closely related to a country's wealth
Measuring levels of development:
GNP: the total value of all the goods and services produced by a country in a
year
Gnp is a measure of development as a bigger GNP means a more econimicaly
developed country.
Other factors:
Population: things like death rate, birth rate life expectancy
Education: percentage of children receiving secondary education
Employment: percentage of workforce employed in primary, secondary and
tertiary industries
The NorthSouth divide
The
most
commo n i
ndi
cator
of
developmen t
i
s t
o l
ook at
t
he we al
th
o f
a count
ry,
and
compar
e i
t
to
other
s.
This
is
done by
calcul
ati
ng t
he Gross National Product (GNP) of
a
count
ry.
The
G NP i
s
calcul
ated
by di
vidi
ng the
tot
al
value
of
g oods and ser
vices
pr
oduced
in
the
countr
y by
it
s popul
ati
on.
It
i
s al
w ays
calcul
ated i
n US
doll
ars so
that
you
can
easi
l
y compare
countr
ies.
Usi
n g
G NP an alt
ernati
ve
ma p of
t
he
w or
ld
can be cr
e at
ed,
show i
ng t
he devel
oped and
devel
oping
co untr
ies.
There ar
e many
dif
fer
en t
ways of
descri
bing
these
countr
ies.
Developi
ng coun t
ri
es used t
o be
known
a s
the
"Third World" and
commo nly
are
call
ed
LEDC's (Less
E conomicall
y Devel
oped
C ountr
ies)
. Developed
countri
es
used t
o be
cal
led
the
"First World" or
MEDC's (
Mo re
Econ omical
ly
D evel
oped Countr
ies)
.
However
anot
her
w ay
of
descr
ibi
ng
them i
s t
o di
vi
d e
them
up
as
N or
th
(t
he
devel
oped
count
ri
es)
and
South
(t
h e
devel
opi
ng count
ri
es).
Using GNP per capital, a distinct NorthSouth divide can be seen, and this is
shown on the map below:

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Just
usi
ng GNP
however
does not
al
ways
give
an accur
ate pi
ctur
e of
how devel
oped a
count
ry
is.
Other
i
ndi
cator
s of
devel
opment
can be
used
to
ident
if
y soci
al,
economic
and
envi
ronmental
di
ff
erences
bet
w een
count
ri
es t
hat
w i
ll
af
fect
t
heir
standar
d of
l
ivi
ng.…read more

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Access to clean water (%):
In
B r
it
ain,
we
take
clean,
saf
e water
f
or
grant
ed,
but
that
i
s not
t
he cas e i
n many of t
he l
ess devel
oped count
ri
es of
t
he worl
d.
Thi
s can
lead
to
out
breaks of
d i
seases suc h
as chol
era,
dysent
ry
and t
yphoid.…read more

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They
break
the
ski
n and
ent
er t
he
bl
oodsteam. The
w or
ms l
ay eggs
w i
thi
n t
he human
causi
ng many
int
ernal
pr
oblems,
especi
all
y i
n t
he bl
adder.…read more

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Drought:
D r
oughts
reduce
or dest
roy
harvest
s and
me an t
hat
w at
er
suppl
y i
s sever
ely
l
imit
ed.
C ount
ri
es i
n Af
ri
ca,
such as
E t
hiopi
a,
have been
ba dl
y
aff
e ct
ed
by
droughts,
wit
h hundr
e ds
of
thousands
of
people
dying
fr
om starvat
ion
or
thi
rst
.…read more

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Case studies:
The Oxfam arusha project in Tanzania-
In this, young unemployed men of arusha were taken on as apprentices
by local builders with the apprenticeships supported by Oxfam
Youth builders taught essential building skills, tool making carpentry brick
making.…read more

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Case study: improving water supply in sierra leons
Small scale, sustainable appropriate technology
Where?, moyamaba SW of sierra Leone, isolated rural area
Population- 250000
Long terms aid
Reason?
Because inadequate water supply. 95% of people had no safe drinking
water, reliant on natural sources like lakes and pools.…read more

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Trade and interdependence
Trade- the exchange of goods and services between countries
Imports: good brought into a country that has been manufactured
in another country
Exports: goods produced by a country and transported for sale
abroad
Interdependence- the extent to which MEDC'S and LEDC'S rely on
each other and are linked in terms of trade, aid, loans and flows of
capital and migrants
Trade gap- is the inequalities between ledcs and medcs resulting
from interdependence
Trade barriers- are used to limit control and reduce volume…read more

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Globalisation- is the increasing dominance of MNCs operating at a
global scale
Fair trade goods- things that are promised that larger proportion of
value of product goes to LEDC producers.…read more

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