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Geography- development

Development- the way in which technology, service provision and quality of
life change as a country changes and grows economically.

The level of development of a country can be assessed in many different ways
but is closely related to a country's wealth


Measuring levels of development:


GNP: the…

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Page 3

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Just
usi
ng GNP
however
does not
al
ways
give
an accur
ate pi
ctur
e of
how devel
oped a
count
ry
is.
Other
i
ndi
cator
s of
devel
opment
can be
used
to
ident
if
y soci
al,
economic
and
envi
ronmental
di
ff
erences
bet
w…

Page 4

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Access to clean water (%):
In
B r
it
ain,
we
take
clean,
saf
e water
f
or
grant
ed,
but
that

i
s not
t
he cas e i
n many of t
he l
ess devel
oped count
ri
es of
t
he worl
d.
Thi
s can…

Page 5

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bi
lhar
zia
snail
s bef
ore
seeking
a human host
.
They
break
the
ski
n and
ent
er t
he
bl
oodsteam. The
w or
ms l
ay eggs
w i
thi
n t
he human
causi
ng many
int
ernal
pr
oblems,

especi
all
y i
n…

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Drought:
D r
oughts
reduce
or dest
roy
harvest
s and
me an t
hat
w at
er
suppl
y i
s sever
ely
l
imit
ed.
C ount
ri
es i
n Af
ri
ca,
such as
E t
hiopi
a,
have been
ba dl
y
aff
e ct…

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Case studies:


The Oxfam arusha project in Tanzania-

In this, young unemployed men of arusha were taken on as apprentices
by local builders with the apprenticeships supported by Oxfam
Youth builders taught essential building skills, tool making carpentry brick
making.
Oxfam provided £6000 to provide materials
This has saved youth…

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Case study: improving water supply in sierra leons

Small scale, sustainable appropriate technology
Where?, moyamaba SW of sierra Leone, isolated rural area
Population- 250000
Long terms aid
Reason?
Because inadequate water supply. 95% of people had no safe drinking
water, reliant on natural sources like lakes and pools. Very polluted…

Page 9

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Trade and interdependence


Trade- the exchange of goods and services between countries

Imports: good brought into a country that has been manufactured
in another country

Exports: goods produced by a country and transported for sale
abroad

Interdependence- the extent to which MEDC'S and LEDC'S rely on
each other and are…

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Globalisation- is the increasing dominance of MNCs operating at a
global scale

Fair trade goods- things that are promised that larger proportion of
value of product goes to LEDC producers.

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