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History Revision Germany 193363




KQ3 ­ To what extent and in what ways did communism transform the GDR?

KQ3 Pages
Situation in Germany 1945 1
Potsdam and The 4 D's 23
The consolidation of Communism under the SED 34
194648
The Berlin blockade 194849 4
The GDR constitution 45
The…

Page 2

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History Revision Germany 193363




o Major black market for food and other goods
o Still an efficient civil service, local government, banking system and industrial
base
o Social fabric did not break down and Christianity survived

Potsdam and The 4 D's

At the postwar Potsdam conference in 1945 it was…

Page 3

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History Revision Germany 193363






1) Land and property belonging to former Nazi's was confiscated and redistributed
2) There was no radical ­socioeconomic restructuring
3) It soon became apparent that mass internment was impractical
4) Experts and scientists were even kidnapped in order to reconstruct technical
equipment
5) Initially there was…

Page 4

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History Revision Germany 193363




o SMAD (the soviet military administration) allowed the reestablishment of
nonfascist, democratic parties which led to the recreation of the KPD, SPD,
CDU AND LDPD
o The four parties were forced to join the "block of antifascist parties'
(antifas). Technically they were independent, but in reality…

Page 5

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History Revision Germany 193363




Länderkammer Upper house which represented the five Länder (regions)
President The formal head of state, initially Wilhelm Pieck
Prime minister Head of the Government, initially Otto Grotewohl
Staatsraat Replaced the role of president, collective council of state
General secretary Took a more political role than the…

Page 6

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History Revision Germany 193363




o Firmer barriers between east and west Germany ­ erection of a border fence
between east and west Germany, a 5km exclusion zone and removal of
`unreliable' people from their homes
o Rapid social and economic change e.g. enforced collectivisation of agriculture
o Hopes of people…

Page 7

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History Revision Germany 193363




How successfully was the GDR's economy transformed?

Key terms
Collectivisation The policy of creating larger and more efficient
agricultural units run by the state

VEB state owned and managed factories. Party set up
`Peoples own factory' production targets and monitored the work force and
its social…

Page 8

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History Revision Germany 193363




o Managers of factories now had the job to oversee production in the `peoples
own factories' (VEB's) and were no longer private capitalists working for their
own gain
o The old middle classes began to give way to a new `Socialists intelligentsia' who
were committed to…

Page 9

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History Revision Germany 193363




o 195253 wages a campaign against member of the `Junge Gemeinde' a loosely
organised youth group of the protestant churches, this made it increasingly
difficult for young Christians to remain at school and take the Abitur or to go
on to study at university
o The…

Page 10

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History Revision Germany 193363




Alternative youth culture
o In the 1950's most of the youth of the GDR was not impressed by the
antiAmerican, old fashioned stance of the SED
o The culture of the 50's and 60's of rock and roll, Elvis Presley and the Beatles
captured the attention…

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