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Society and HealthUnit 1


Population: The number of people inhabiting in a specified area/space as measured by
some kind of census

Demography: The study of population with particular reference to their size and structure
and how and why they change

Demographers: People who study birth, death and marriage rates,…

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Family: A social unit connected by blood, marriage or adoption

Household: An area where a group of people live not necessarily relatede.g married
couple,elderly person living alone,student,still share same address

Extended family: When a Mother,Father and Children live together but are also in
regular contact with Aunt's Uncles and…

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Poverty: State of being poor and lacking the means to provide material needs or
comforts. It is a situation where resources are insufficient to meet individual's needs

Absolute poverty: A state below which it is not possible to live a healthy life, being
unable to afford sufficient food,clothing,warmth and…

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New deals: A wide number of schemes for different groups of people who are
unemployed and claiming benefits. They offer intensive support to find work,give
subsidised employment opportunities and specialist training

Job seekers allowance: Available to those below the retirement age for those who are
out of work or working…

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New build home buyAllows families or individuals to buy a share of a property, usually
50%,rent is paid on the rest

Key workerSomeone who works in the public sector in an area where there is a big
demand for housing

Social home buy schemeAllows social home buying tenants to buy…

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Acid rain: Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas
emissions e.g sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide combine with water

Ozone layer: A layer in the stratosphere that contains a concentration of Ozone
sufficient which forms a protective shield against most UV radiation from the sun


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washing, going to the toilet, taking a bath, getting up or dressing. All meals are provided
and there are activities and outings.

Welfare to work a range of strategies to help the unemployed into work and off

GP stands for general practitioner,a family docter.

Social services a wide range…

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Hysterectomy Surgical removal of part or the entire womb

Hormome Substance produced by one tissue and conveyed by the bloodstream to
another to affect physiological activity such as growth or metabolism

Malabsorption The defective or inadequate absorption of nutrients from the intestinal

Angina Chest pain

Myocardial infarction Heart attack…

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Intervention To involve oneself in a situation to alter an action

Life expectancyNumber of years that an individual is expected to live

Chronic Lasting for a long period of time or marked by frequent reoccurrence,as
certain diseases

Resource management

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Amenities Things that contribute to physical or material comfort

ChoresDaily routine or domestic chores

Expenditure Money paid out

Welfare benefits Financial support from the government if you are unemployed and
looking for work. Benefits are also used to provide additional income when earning are
low, or someone, ill or has…


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