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Life expectancy
· In 1901, the average life expectancy for a
newborn baby was only 49 years for a girl and
45 years for a boy.
· Many children died in the early years of their
life and this resulted in the low figure for life
expectancy.
· By 2002, female life expectancy at birth was
81 years and male life expectancy at birth was
76 years.…read more

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Work patterns
· According to the Office for National Statistics (2004)
(ONS) the great majority of older people who are
beyond the state pension age do not work:
· 91% men and 90% women are classed as `economically
inactive'.
· Some people do continue to work ­ 1% of men over
the age of 65 and 2% of women over the age of 60
remain in full-time employment.
· 3% of men aged 65 or over and 6% of women aged 60
or over continue to work part-time.
· 4% of men over retirement age are self-employed, but
only 1% of women over 60 are self-employed.…read more

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It may be that in the future, an increasing number
of older people will stay in employment, but at
present it seems reasonable to describe the
majority of women over 60 and men over 65 as
being `retired'.
· For many people, retirement represents a time of
opportunity for relaxing and enjoying leisure
activities.
· For some people, retirement may involve a loss of
earnings, ;loss of contact with work colleagues, and
possibly a loss of the status and identity associated
with work.
· For many people, retirement will be seen as a
positive change, but for a few, retirement may
result in significant stress.…read more

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Leisure
· Older people often have more free time than
younger people.
· Health and mobility problems can sometimes
limit the activities older people may choose.…read more

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Income and Decreased Income
· The over 65 year-old age group includes many people
who are extremely well off and who enjoy high levels
of saving and property ownership.
· For example, the ONS (2004) reports that in 2000, 61%
of people aged 65 and over owned their homes
outright (they had paid off any mortgage).
· Social Trends (2004) reports that 16% of one person
households and 30% of two-person pensioner
households have over £20,000 in savings. This
compares with 15% in the other age ranges.…read more

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Comments

zuaidah

It was really useful thxz

Sam Morran

An awful lot of information included but has some good examples to help apply the theory. Very useful.

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