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HENRY VIII

Aims:

To be a warrior King ­ won the first war against France and gained the land he had craved
along with a continued large pension but he was deserted by his allies and failed in his dream
to claim the French throne thus falling short of one…

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DIFFICULT AND CHARLES CANCELLED
MARRIAGE CONTRACT WITH MARY
1520: FIELD OF THE CLOTH OF GOLD 1525: AMICABLE GRANT HUMILATING
ACHIEVED SHORT TERM PEACE WITH FRANCIS
1525: WOLSEY SET UP THE LEAGUE OF
COGNAC AGAINST CHARLES ­ FAILED MAINLY
DUE TO THE BATTLE OF PAVIA AS CHARLES
HELD THE BALANCE OF…

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CAUSE IN SCOTLAND AND INCREASED
ANTI-ENGLISH FEELINGS
FRANCE: 1545: FRENCH CAMPAIGN TO FRANCE:1544: ON THE SAME DAY THAT HENRY
INVADE ENGLAND FAILED, ONLY GOT AS FAIR TOOK BOULOGNE, CHARLES MADE A PEACE
AS THE ISLE OF WIGHT TREATY WITH FRANCIS WHICH LEFT HENRY
ISOLATED
FRANCE: 1546: TREATY OF ARDES: PRESERVED…

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commoners to come forward with their cases went from 12 to 120 cases per annum ­
therefore successful in improving the legal system of England
ACCESS TO THE KING: seen as successful, Wolsey was fixated on marinating his position.
Wolsey held many important offices but he knew that these depended…

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had no family or friends to turn to in his time of need and had so many enemies that it was inevitable
he wouldn't last ­ swift fall from grace

CROMWELL 1532-1540:

Revolution of government consists of:

1) Importance and use of parliament and the relationship with the church and…

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would he fill it with
enemies?)
Some say that it was an
extension of the Eltham
Ordinances
EXTENSION OF ROYAL AUTHORITY:

BEFORE CROMWELLS CHANGES EXTENT OF CHANGE
Welsh council was ineffective Act of Union in 1536: Wasn't subject to immense
and medieval practices incorporated Wales into the reform
clashed with…

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FOREIGN POLICY: Continued Scottish-French War with little gain and worsened economic deficit.
Victory at Pinkie in 1547: to enforce marriage between Edward and Mary of Scots campaign was
late and allowed for assistance from France Mary married Dauphin. Expensive garrisoning of
Scottish borders and Loss of Boulogne to French in…

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MARY 1553-1558:
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL: Although not realised at the time, population growth was the root of many
problems faced. This caused inflation and put pressure of food supplies and jobs ­ living standards
had fallen and rents increased whereas wages didn't increase. Antwerp Cloth Market: 1559 glut of
market…

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