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The Break With Rome
AS Edexcel History…read more

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How did the acts of parliament secure the break
with Rome and the royal supremacy?
· The Royal Supremacy 1531
In 1531 the Church had been forced to accept the title of Supreme Head
of the Church of England as far as the law of Christ allows.
Supplication of the Ordinaries 1532 (Internal Attack)
The supplication (request) was taken by Cromwell on behalf of the
Commons to place limits to church courts and its ability to change cannon
law. Henry was not directing this attack of Church legislative power
however he did make it clear that he would not allow the church to make
laws without his agreement. This led to the assembly of clergy to be
restricted from law making unless agreement was made by government.
Existing cannon law were to be reviewed and any that were against the
royal prerogative were to be annulled. Effectively the Church's legal
system was under royal control. This resulted in the Submission of the
Clergy in 1532. The authority of the church was undermined and the path
to supremacy was made clear.…read more

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Act in conditional Restraint of Annates 1532 (External Attack)
A direct attack on the Papacy. The Lords discussed and considered the Bill of Annates.
The proposal to abolish payments by English bishops to Rome would put pressure on
the papacy financially. Henry made this act conditional because in 1532 he still had
hope that he may get his annulment as the pope had yet to make a judgment on his
appeal. It was a clever tactic to leave room for negotiation.
A new Archbishop of Canterbury 1532
In late August of 1532 Archbishop Wareham died and Henry took his opportunity to
appoint Thomas Cranmer who was more sympathetic to Henry's annulment and the
Supremacy. Cranmer was linked to Boleyn family. At the turn of the year Henry still did
not have a verdict from Rome about his first marriage and in January Anne Boleyn was
clearly pregnant. Thomas Cranmer and Thomas Cromwell were now set to make the
break with Rome affirmed.
The Act of Restraint of Appeals 1533 (Established)
In 1533 the Act to end appeals to Rome meant that the authority of Rome's decision
was not recognized in the England. Any appeals on the grounds of religious law
including Henry's annulment would be heard in English church courts instead. The
appeal would go to convocation where they would be heard by the Archbishop of
Canterbury. It is from this point forward that the king's Great Matter was settled in
England and his role as Supreme Head of the Church was recognized. The supremacy
was asserted not as a revolution but rather a return to ancient rights of a imperial
sovereign ruler. The annulment was granted (May 1533) on the verdict that original
papal dispensation in 1503 was invalid and Anne Boleyn was crowned queen
September 1533 having secretly married Henry in 1532.…read more

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Acts of Dispensations 1534
All payments to Rome were stopped. All cannon law cases would be dealt
with by the Archbishop of Canterbury and not Rome. Attempts to ignore
this act of parliament would land you with the charge of treason.
· Act of Succession 1534
Henry's children with Catherine were now bastards and his heirs from
Anne Boleyn were legitimised. It became a treasonable offence to speak
maliciously against Henry's second marriage. The Pope responded with
reaffirming the validity of Henry's marriage to Catherine and Henry
responded by ordering the Pope's name be struck out of the prayer books.
· Act of Supremacy and Treason Law 1534
This gave Henry complete administrative and legislative control over the
Church. The Act of Supremacy was to be enforced by a new Treason Act
that made it a capital offence to deny the Supremacy or deny the King's
new title.…read more

Slide 5

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What was the opposition to
the Break with Rome and
the Royal Supremacy?…read more

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Holy Maid Of Kent (Elizabeth
· Age 16 she became famous when she had a vision of the virgin Mary.
· Her prophecies were once listened to by Archbishop Warham who
regarded her as a messenger from god.
· In 1522 she predicted the death of Henry VIII due to his relationship with
Anne Boleyn.
· She gained support from people such as Bishop Fischer and so became a
tool of the opposition of the supremacy.
· She voiced her beliefs publically to Henry when he visited Canterbury once
and claimed to him he would be dead in a month because he married
· November 1533 she was sent to the tower of London and executed with 5
of her followers.
· Her death was considered politically necessary and it was no coincidence
she was executed on the same day Londoners had to swear oath of
succession.…read more

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