Edexcel History GCSE - Nazi Germany Timeline

Here is a useful timeline that I made for my GCSE for Nazi Germany.

Format: Word 2003.

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  • Created by: Katie
  • Created on: 02-11-09 23:02
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Nazi Germany Timeline
Year Month Event
1919 January Spartacist
Uprising
November Hitler joins
the German
Worker's
Party
1920 March Kapp
Putsch
Hitler
becomes
leader of
the party ­
renamed
the
National
Socialist
German
Workers'
Party (Nazi
Party)
1921 Hitler
founds the
SA
(SturmAut
eilumg) to
intimidate
opposition
1923 January Occupation
of Ruhr
The Great
Inflation
August Stresemann
becomes
chancellor
November Munich
Putsch
(Beer Hall
Putsch)
Trigger: In
September
Stresemann
called off
passive
resistance
in Ruhr

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February Hitler's trial
for putsch
Changes in
Nazi policy
­ to win
democratic
ally
First
election ­
52 seats
April Dawes Plan
Plan to aid
Germany's
economy
1925 Hindenburg
elected as
president
The
Locarno
Treaties
1929 October Wall Street
Crash
The Great
Depression
­
weakened
Weimar
republic
The Young
Plan
1930 September Elections =
107 seats
1932 July Nazis =
biggest
single party
with 230
seats
1933 January Hitler
becomes
chancellor
after power
struggle
3/12/1932 Von Schleicher becomes
chancellor
4/1/1933 Von Papen sees chance to…read more

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Hindenburg refuses to make Hitler
chancellor
28/1/1933 Von Schleicher has to resign after
his failures
30/1/1933 Hitler is chancellor
*Hindenburg thinks that Hitler can
be controlled*
27th February Reichstag
Fire
March Reichstag
elections
Enabling
act
May Trade
unions
banned
July Other
parties
banned
1934 June Night of the
Long
Knives
Hitler
eliminates
almost all
his
opponents
August Hindenburg
dies
Hitler is
president
1935 May Jews
forbidden
to join army
September The
Nuremburg
Laws
La
w
for
the
pro
tect
ion
of
Ger
ma
n…read more

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Blo
od
and
Ho
nou
r
Rei
ch
Citi
zen
ship
law
­
Jew
s
are
no
w
`su
bje
cts'
1936 Berlin
Olympics
`Halt' on
AntiJewish
propaganda
Germany
won most
gold (33)
with US
coming
second with
24 gold,
with 4
coming
from Jesse
Owens
1938 April Jews had to
register
property ­
easier for
Nazis to
take
June ­ July Jewish
doctors/den
tists/lawyer
s unable to…read more

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Ayran
patients
October Jew
passports
require a
red `J'
stamp
910 November Kristallnach
t
Possible
trigger:
Jewish lad
killed
German
Embassy
Official in
Paris, Ernst
von Rath
Po
wer
stru
ggle
bet
we
en
lea
din
g
Na
zis,
Go
ebb
els
nee
d to
win
bac
k
Hitl
er's
fav
our
afte
r
his
affa
ir
wit…read more

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Cze
ch
actr
ess
Go
erin
g
and
Hi
mm
ler
disa
ppr
ove
d of
Kri
stall
nac
ht
12 November Property
damaged
during
Kristallnach
t were
mostly
rented from
German
owners to
Jews ­
Jews fines
1 billion
Reichmark
15 November Jewish
pupils only
in Jewish
schools
December Jewish
business
completely
confiscated
1939 January New names
for Jews ­
Sarah/Israel
Reich office
for Jewish
Emigration
established…read more

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September WWII
1944 July Bomb plot
against
Hitler
named
Operation
Valkyrie by
Von
Stauffenber
g
WWII Timeline
1939 Food and clothes rationing
Black market sold goods from newly
conquered countries
1941 June Hitler's gamble ­ invades USSR
End of 1942 Extra food rations at Christmas to lift up morale ­
war is not well
194344 All nonwar contributing businesses closed ­ but
shops that were in the middle like sweet shops
(which also sold food) were closed
1943 August Clothes rationing and manufacture ended
Exchange…read more

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Nazis ­ Why vote for them?
PUPS OF WH
Propaganda
Use of technology
Promise to voters
Support of Industrialists = more money
Organisation
Flexibility
Weakness of opposition
Hitler
Hitler's helpers
Josef Goebbels ­ editor of Nazi Newspaper
Hermann Goering ­ 1923 Leader of SA
Rudolf Hess ­ early days = Hitler's private secretary, later = party admininstrator
Heinrich Himmler ­ early posts: Gauleiter (regional party chief), Head of SS
Ernst Rohm ­ 1921 ran the SA
The Gestapo
Originally Goerings Prussian secret police
June 1936…read more

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Radios ­ Hitler and Goebbels believed it to be important but radios = expensive
Films ­ lots of high quality films ­ will people accept political ones?
Festivals & Celebrations ­ marches/rallies/festivals = success
Culture ­ How to control these works?
Solutions
Newspapers ­ Take over them and put in trustworthy journalists who knew what to report.
AntiNazi ones closed and by 1944 there were only 1000 daily newspapers
Films ­ Encourage more and put in some political films.…read more

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