Detailed Timeline Of Martin Luther and the German Reformation

This is a timeline from 1510 to 1556 which tracks the German reformation, I'm sorry if anything important is missing but i have tried to include as much relevant info as possible.

The information that I used was primarily from the Access to History textbook called "Luther and the German Reformation 1517-55" (3rd Edition) by Russel Tarr and Keith Randell. 

I hope this is useful :) 

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Detailed Timeline of Martin Luther and
the German Reformation
Luther makes a pilgrimage to Rome; he went by foot which took 2 months.
Luther assumed a lecturing post at Wittenberg University
Luther developed the idea of "sola fide"- he believed that faith alone is what gets a soul into
heaven and therefore a great deal of catholic belief is a waste of time and energy.
October 31st - Luther pinned his 95 Theses against the door of Wittenberg church in protest
against the Catholic Church (the sale of indulgences in particular)
October -Luther was summoned to Augsburg and threatened by Cardinal Cajetan
Luther was summoned to Leipzig where he participated in a debate with Johann Eck
June ­ The Pope issued a papal bull "Exsurge Domine" which excommunicated Luther from
the Church. Luther wrote "Against the Bull of the Antichrist" in response to his
August - Luther published "An Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation" which
was written in German and the target audience was the German Princes. In this pamphlet, it
appears that for the first time, Luther abandons the idea of reforming the church from the
inside to turns to reforming it from the outside. It is here that he first outlines his views on
the priesthood of all believers and of the two kingdoms.
October ­ Luther wrote "On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church", in this pamphlet he
rejected the idea that the Catholic clergy had a special relationship with God, instead he
claimed that in the eyes of God, all Christians are equal and that only two of the seven holy
sacraments carried out by the Catholic church were justified in the bible: baptism and
Eucharist. He also claimed that the forgiveness of sins was a private matter between the

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God and that priests had no special role to play in this matter: this stripped the
church of the right to sell indulgences which in Luther's eyes were worthless.…read more

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February ­ "The Twelve Articles of the German Peasants" was published by peasants
assembled in Memmingen, in southern Germany.…read more

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The now called Protestants, protested
against all of the measures of the Diet which they found contrary to the word of God.
April - Luther published his small and large Catechisms, in the form of questions and answers
about the Lutheran faith.…read more

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December ­ The towns/ cities of Anhalt, Wurttemberg, Pomerania, Augsburg, Hanover,
Frankfurt am Main and Kempten all joined the Schmalkaldic League.
Philip of Hesse's reputation was destroyed following a bigamy scandal; this had negative
implications for the Schmalkaldic league because it appeared to damage its credibility.…read more

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Although Luther had been dead for
almost a decade at this point and Charles V was close to retirement, the Peace of Augsburg
marked a significant change in the tolerance of Protestantism.
Charles V abdicated as Holy Roman Empire in favour of his brother, Ferdinand, two years
before he died in a Spanish monastery.…read more


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