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Report title: Assess the influence of fragility and resilience on the variety of impacts from leisure and tourism
on contrasting rural landscapes.
Introduction: general increase in L&T
· Define: fragility, resilience, leisure and tourism
· Changes in L&T, impacts are changing and why
· Carrying Capacity, Resilience model - mention case studies (concept)
R&M - range of sources, bias
Negative impacts: LDNP, Machu Picchu
Positive impacts: Heather Moorlands, Hideaway Resort, River Restoration
Changing over time: Antarctica
Evaluation: negatives, positives, change over time, if CC is raised through management
Setting the Scene
"The pressures from leisure and tourism activities damage the very resource that attracts people to such
rural landscapes." (Adapted from Byrne et al, 2009)
The term rural covers a wide range of locations, but some are more important due to their landscape,
ecological or cultural values. These values are becoming increasingly significant as many rural areas are
changing from landscapes of production to landscapes of consumption, via leisure pursuits and tourism. This
change is furthest advanced in developed countries, although developing countries are releasing the
potential of some of their landscape as tourism becomes more important globally.
Rural areas that support leisure and tourism range along the continnum (shown in Figure 1) from the
accessible LDNP, to isolated wilderness like Antarctica, but the capacity of rural areas to cope with tourism
demands may vary according to how fragile or resilient its ecosystems, landscapes and natural cycles are.
However it is sometimes the landscapes of production that are important, such as the Heather Moorlands of
North Yorkshire, where the clearance of woodland many hundreds of years ago and the rearing of sheep
have led to the development of a patchwork of heather moorland. It supports its own unique and specialised
ecology and habitats, which are partly dependent of the maintenance of the agricultural system, illustrating
more resilient landscapes that attract tourist and leisure seekers due to their relative isolation, wildlife and
scenic value. (Byrne et al, 2009)
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Research and Methodology
Throughout this report a range of source have been used to collect information and data including the key
A-Level textbooks (Dunn et al 2009, Byrne et al 2009 and Digby 2009). These textbooks were written for
students and provided relevant and focussed case studies as well as important definitions.
A Geofactsheet was used to provide interesting information on the restoration done on the River Cole,
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To ensure, the continued success of the Resort, Kula Eco Park was created, funded by UK and Fijian
governments, educating children why their ecosystems are worth protecting alongside research into the
maintenance of the remaining forest and indigenous species. (Byrne et al, 2009).
Hideaway Resort demonstrates that it is possible to develop tourism in fragile rural landscapes on a small
scale, involving local people in decision making, resulting in positive impacts.
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Where does the Pleasure Periphery go when even the most remote, isolated wilderness region has become