Explore how increasing and more diverse use of the rural landscape for leisure and tourism activities may lead to complex conflicts as more players are involved - Edexcel A2 Geography Unit 4 Essay Plan

This is an essay plan I produced following the released advanced information for the Edexcel A2 Geography Unit 4 Geographical research, January 2011 exam. It is specifically for option 6: Consuming the Rural Landscape: Leisure and Tourism

It includes:

  • Key things to mention in the introduction
  • Key models/concepts related to the question
  • 3 Case studies showing how increasing and more diverse use of the rural landscape for leisure and tourism may lead to complex conflicts as more players are involved:
  1. Lake District National Park
  2. Machu Picchu
  3. Antarctica
  • 1 Case study illustrating how increasing and more diverse use of the rural landscape for leisure and tourism does not always lead to complex conflicts as more players are involved
  1. North Yorkshire Heather moorlands
  • The report ends by looking at future global conflicts that could be caused by leisure and tourism
  1. Global Food Security
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A2 Geography ­ Unit 4 26th January 2011
Geographical Research ­ CRL: L&T
Explore how increasing and more diverse use of the rural landscape for leisure and
tourism activities may lead to complex conflicts as more players are involved
Research different leisure and tourism activities in contrasting locations which show
a range of conflicts involving a variety of players
TITLE
Use the question to create a title for the report
INTRODUCTION
Define key terms: Leisure; Tourism; Rural; Players; Conflict
L&T activities have moved from the rural urban fringe to extreme wilderness
areas such as Antarctica
This creates threats from L&T activities, increasing complex conflicts
Early days of tourism ­ Conflict between local residents & visitors only
21st century tourism ­ Conflict between a wide variety of players on a global
scale (e.g. UNESCO)
Case studies will illustrate how increasing L&T and more diverse use of the
rural landscape for L&T, will on most occasions, create complex conflicts
involving more layers
However, it would be naive of us to think that L&T always leads to conflict
Despite acknowledgement that "Tourism is the necessary evil" according to
Sir David Attenborough, L&T can bring productive & positive outcomes
The report will conclude by looking at future conflicts caused by L&T, that as a
planet, we need to consider.
KEY MODELS
The following diagram illustrates the pleasure periphery which shows how
L&T has expanded over time and space
Heavy growth in L&T over the past 100
years due to social and technological
advancements
Social advancements include higher
disposable incomes due to the
tertiarisation of society, meaning that
people can now afford to have expensive
holidays abroad
Technological advancements include the
development of transport (A380 &
Pendolino train) which can reach top
speeds.
Chris Cartwright

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A2 Geography ­ Unit 4 26th January 2011
Geographical Research ­ CRL: L&T
Exploration ­ small number of visitors
exploring the area
Involvement ­ sees benefit from
investment, increasing visitor numbers
Further grow results in the arrival of
mass numbers
Carrying capacity is eventually reached
Management is successful ­
Rejuvenation
Tourism stays constant ­ stagnation
Management fails/tourism increases -
Decline
CASE STUDIES SHOWING INCREASING CONFLICTS DUE TO L&T
1) Lake District National Park
Located in the NW England, county of Cumbria
Largest NP in England…read more

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A2 Geography ­ Unit 4 26th January 2011
Geographical Research ­ CRL: L&T
In the LDNP, 18% of all houses are either second homes or holiday homes
University of York report 2005 entitled "The impact of empty holiday homes on
the sustainability of rural communities":
o LDNP is attractive to people from all over Britain, where as in the past it
was only attractive to people up North and in the South of Scotland
o The local people and council are not against second/holiday home…read more

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A2 Geography ­ Unit 4 26th January 2011
Geographical Research ­ CRL: L&T
Environmentalists: It is expected that the new bridge will bring
increasing visitors to the site, further eroding the ruins which
already has to cope with 2,500 visitors a day
Cusco national cultural institute: the site is not designed for the
amount of tourists that visit it and cannot sustain more
Indigenous Peruvian public: "It's not just part of our heritage, it's
part of humanity's"
Regional President: "It's not acceptable that there are…read more

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A2 Geography ­ Unit 4 26th January 2011
Geographical Research ­ CRL: L&T
In recent years, tourists have often got into difficulty, and one
rescue attempt provided by a helicopter ended up crashing into the
sea
The Antarctic Treaty members are annoyed as there is no
guarantee these crashed vehicles will be removed from Antarctica
as they should be
o International Maritime Organisation (IMO), tourists & large cruise ship
companies:
The IMO implemented a ban in 2009 of the use and carriage of
heavy fuel…read more

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A2 Geography ­ Unit 4 26th January 2011
Geographical Research ­ CRL: L&T
CONCLUSION
It can be agreed with that increasing and more diverse use of the rural landscape
for L&T activities may lead to complex conflicts as more players are involved
Lake District National Park case study, Machu Picchu case study and Antarctica
case study shows to a great extent that there is complex conflicts as more
players are involved
The conflicts will inevitably be different:
Antarctica ­ still in the phase of exploration…read more

Comments

Zoe Lax

Hi there, do you have any notes on option 67 edexcel consuming the rural landscape - leisure and tourism? You helped me a lot! Thankyou x

Zoe Lax

sorry, option 6!

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