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Unit 3 ­ Child Psychology

Attachment ­ An emotional bond between two people (child and caregiver), which endures over
time and where separation leads to anxiety and distress.

Deprivation ­ The loss of an attachment with a caregiver. An attachment which was already formed
has been broken. E.g. day-care…

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that the behaviour being observed is real, and thus can be generalised to other situations.
For example, the behaviour of the children in Robertson and Robertson's studies is likely to
be valid, as the children would have behaved the same as in a typical situation.
Good to use naturalistic observations…

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Different research methods can be used to validate concepts under investigation. Different
research methods can be used as triangulation to ensure validity of the findings by checking
data from each to ensure agreement.
It would be unethical to conduct experimental research. E.g. it would be unethical to subject a

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It has practical applications as before when a child was ill they had to stay in hospital on their
own which caused them a lot of distress, but now parents are encouraged to stay with their
child causing them less distress.
Bowlby used other sources as evidence so increases reliability.…

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Can't generalise to other relationships.
Demand characteristics from the mother may affect the results.
Has inter-rater reliability as many observers were used.
Unethical as it causes children stress

(Look at booklet for cross-cultural issues and studies)

Bowlby's Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis: -

Bowlby felt that children must have the constant presence…

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(Look at booklet for privation studies and evaluation)

Day-care: -

Belsky found that early and intensive day care resulted in children being more insecurely attached
than children where onset was later and less intensive. Belsky used the strange situation and found
that very young children in high intensity day care…

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Children are encouraged to become assertive and independent.
The opportunity to form multiple attachments to other caregivers.

Disadvantages ­

Individual 1:1 attention cannot be given in the same way as at home.
Many studies of day-care have found that children in da-care come out worse in all sorts of

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Evaluation ­

Genies case gathered rich and in-depth data.
A range of tests were conducted to generate qualitative and quantitative data.
The results gathered are detailed and valid to the case being studied.
Well documented case study by many researchers so information can be reassessed again.
Good knowledge about the…

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There was a control group who were neither thieves or affectionless. This allowed Bowlby to
show a link between affectionless psychopathy and stealing. Without this control group he
would not have been able to draw such a strong conclusion.
Having another control group of adolescents who were `normal' would also…


Eddy Snow


This is amazing, thanks!

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