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Child Psychology
Day Care

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Definition ­ Day care is the term used for any situation where a child is cared for by
someone other than its parents for some part of the day.
It can be for a short time, such as in a crèche, or every day of the week such as
in…

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Research
NICHD (USA)
Aim
To look at the effect of childcare on children.

Procedure
This longitudinal study involved gathering data by different means including
observations, interviews and surveys.
There were 1200 children involved in this study.
Children were followed from birth until when they started school.

Results and Conclusions
Children…

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Aim
To look at the impact of pre-school provisions on a child's intellectual and
social/behavioural development.
To find out if social inequalities could be reduced by attendance in a pre-school
setting.
To see whether some types of setting are better than others.

Procedure
This longitudinal study followed 3000 children, aged…

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Evaluation
Strengths

It was a case study and used a range of research methods to gather the data,
meaning that the findings can be tested against one another for reliability.

Careful planning included children from different social backgrounds, including a
control group of home children. This means that conclusions can…

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Meluish et al (1990) ­ What makes good day care?

Aim
To compare what factors differed between alternative forms of day care.
To see how the emotional and intellectual development of children was affected
by different types of day care.

Procedure
255 children (first born from 2 parent families) were…

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