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Definition ­ Day care is the term used for any situation where a child is cared for by
someone other than its parents for some part of the day.
It can be for a short time, such as in a crèche, or every day of the week such as
in a full time nursery.
In the UK, all forms of day care are now subject to government inspection as
well as government curriculums.…read more

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To look at the effect of childcare on children.
This longitudinal study involved gathering data by different means including
observations, interviews and surveys.
There were 1200 children involved in this study.
Children were followed from birth until when they started school.
Results and Conclusions
Children who spent continuous time in day care were more likely to have
behavioural problems than those who did not.…read more

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To look at the impact of pre-school provisions on a child's intellectual and
social/behavioural development.
To find out if social inequalities could be reduced by attendance in a pre-school
To see whether some types of setting are better than others.
This longitudinal study followed 3000 children, aged 3-11, with a special project
for pre-school children.
It involved observations and interviews with parents and practitioners.
The children were from many different social backgrounds.…read more

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It was a case study and used a range of research methods to gather the data,
meaning that the findings can be tested against one another for reliability.
Careful planning included children from different social backgrounds, including a
control group of home children. This means that conclusions can be drawn more
The research was based in an English day care provision and so may not be
generalizable to other countries.…read more

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Meluish et al (1990) ­ What makes good day care?
To compare what factors differed between alternative forms of day care.
To see how the emotional and intellectual development of children was affected
by different types of day care.
255 children (first born from 2 parent families) were followed from birth until 3
All mothers were in full time employment before having their child.
75% of mothers returned to work within 9 months.
25% send their child into day care.…read more


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