Unit 4 Edexcel Psychology Complete RN on Criminal Psychology

Quite dense and long, but I like to study with a looooot of detail.

These RN include:

-Key assumptions

-Explanations of criminal beh (SLT, SFP and a little bit of Eysenck)

-Treatments for criminals- TEP and AMP

-Methodology- Lab and field experiments and their applications for EWT. Field studies.

-Experiments- Loftus and Palmer (1974), Yarmey (2004), Yuille and Cutshall (1986)

-Key issue- Are criminals born or made?

Each section is described and evaluated, being worthy 6 marks each description and evaluation.

Hope it will work for you! It did for me (:

Good luck for your exaaaaaaams!

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  • Created by: Aina
  • Created on: 15-01-12 19:45

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Unit 3
Criminal Psychology


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Key assumptions- how it is used and why it's important
They study:

Causes of crime
Treatment of offenders
Identifying criminals
Predicting new crimes
Explaining crime using psychological concepts
Police techniques, profiling, eyewitness testimony, justice system
Recidivism- repeating a behaviour that breaks the law.



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Explanation of criminal behaviour

The Social Learning theory

This explanation is based on the fact that we learn criminal behaviours from
others. It looks at reinforcement, modelling and role models. It comes from the
learning approach.
Criminals learn criminal behaviours by observing other people, usually role
models. People tend…

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o People can become desensitised by seen violence in the media.


Bandura, Ross and Ross (1961) found out that boys were more likely to be
aggressive after observing a male aggressive role model than after observing a
non-aggressive role model.
However, this study may lack of ecological validity as…

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Labelling and the Self-fulfilling Prophecy

From the Social approach.
The theory states that when someone is labelled in a determined way, the
tagged person will believe this label and act accordingly to the expectative
people have on them.
Labels come mainly from stereotyping (making assumptions about one person

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Reductionist- the theory doesn't take in account many other factors which
could lead to crime such as economic or biological traits of offenders.
Bandura, Ross and Ross (1961) showed that children would display aggression
after watching a role model displaying aggression. This study shows that
violence could be learnt and…

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Treating offenders

Token economy program

It is a form of behaviour modification based on operant conditioning. It is more
of a way of controlling behaviour in prisons rather than a solution for crime.
It is useful in prisons as it provides a legitimate way of gaining privileges e.g.

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One of the weaknesses of this programme is that it may be difficult for
offenders to generalise the learnt behaviours to the outer world. For example,
an antisocial girl may learn in a correctional, through rewards, to be polite. When
she get out, rewards for politeness will not be so…

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2) Skill acquisition- offenders are showed ways of controlling their anger
e.g. counting up to 10, walking away, relaxation techniques.
3) Application practice- offenders role play situations in which they would
get angry and put in practice the skills learnt at step 2.

o Anger because of being shouted…

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Problems with self-reported data (experimenter effects, demand
characteristics, the fact that if they say they still feel anger they will remain in
prison for longer)
Reductionist-recidivism is not considered by studies
There is no consideration to the victim's viewpoint. A consideration could make
the prisoner's more aware of the consequences…


chrlot grad


This is amazing !! **

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