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Page 1

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IB 2016
Child Acquisition Notes

Speaking

Nelson Child's First Words
In her study of children's 18 first words, she classified words like this:

Naming things Actions / Events Personal / Social Modifying
Ball Give Yes Dirty
Dog Put Hi Nice
Juice Sit No More
Mummy Stop Byebye This
Daddy Go…

Page 2

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IB 2016
Representational / informational ­ convey facts



Dore ­ Infant Language Functions
The functions of language are:
Labelling naming or identifying a person
Repeating ­ repeating what an adult speaker has said
Answering ­ a question
Requesting action ­ demanding food or a toy
Calling ­ getting attention by…

Page 3

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IB 2016
2. Moves `no'/'not' inside the sentence
3. Attaches the negative to the auxiliary verbs. E.g. "No, I don't want to go to nursery. I am not"





Bellugi Pronouns
There are three stages of pronouns:
1. The child uses their own name
2. The child recognises the `I' /…

Page 4

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IB 2016
Omission of inflections such as plurals and possessives

McNeill
Children need to understand grammatical rules before they are able to use it.

Bancroft
Turntaking.





Reading Notes

Reading Strategies

Skills required to read:
Follow the line smoothly from left to right, top to bottom
Recognise shapes of letters and…

Page 5

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IB 2016
2. They begin to recognise each grapheme, sound out each phoneme, blend the sounds together to
produce the word phonetically
3. Memorise phonemes through multisensory approaches and usually in wholeclass learning groups

Bruner ­ LASS (Language Acquisition Support System)

Parentchild interations are fourphased:

1. Gaining attention getting the…

Page 6

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IB 2016
0 Prereading and Up to 6 Pretend reading (turning
pseudoreading pages repeating
previously read stories
Some letter/word
recognition
Predicting single words

1 Initial reading and 67 Reading simple texts
decoding containing highfrequency
lexis

2 Confirmation and fluency 78 Reading texts more
quickly/fluently

3 Reading for learning 914 Reading…

Page 7

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Writing Notes

Kroll Stages of Writing Development

Stage Age (yrs) Characteristics
Preparation Up to 6 Basic motor skills acquired alongside some spelling principles
Consolidatio Writing similar to spoken language, unfinished sentences, colloquial,
7/8
n conjunction `and'
Differentiatio Awareness of writing as separate from speech emerges, more
9/10
n…

Page 8

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IB 2016
7 ­ Correct Spelling Most words are spelled correctly.


Rothery ­ Framework for categorising and evaluating children's writing

Category Features
Observation/comment Writer makes observation and follows with evaluative comment or mixes
Recount Chronological sequence of events, e.g. recount of school trip.
Report Factual and objective description of event:…

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