Child Language Acquisition - A Level Revision Book

This booklet covers a huge majority of the ENGB3 module section of Child Language Acquisition. For those wanting C's or those wanting A*'s this book provides for all levels. What you do it with it, is up to you :)

Hope this helps ... Mikey

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Revision Summary
N'awww so cute! Aren't you lil baba? Ahem... anyway.
Child Language Acquisition while it is not as difficult as its
counterpart of Language Change this topic isn't to be underestimated however. There are
lots of theories that can be applied to a piece of data. So many processes and stages to
remember so don't take this lightly. By the end you may just want to kick a baby ... no, just
me then? Great...
Speaking Acquisition
So this studies how those cute little babies actually learn how to articulate certain sounds and
eventually mash them all together to create words that we understand. It's a fascinating
process to say the least and one you will have to understand for the exam.
Stage 1 (02 Months)
Basic Biological Noises These are noises that reflect biological occurrences in the baby
such as crying due to hunger, pain or discomfort. This is categorised as Reflexive Noises
Breathing, eating, swallowing and coughing etc. are known as Vegetative Noises
Stage 2 (25 Months)
Cooing and Laughing ­ Cooing noises are generally initiated when the child is comfortable.
To begin with this sound develops alongside crying but eventually the child learns to respond
to their mother's speech or smiles.
Cooing itself is quieter than crying and are shorter bursts of vowellike sounds with a possible
consonant quality at the back of the mouth.
At 4 months the first throaty chuckles begin and laughs begin to emerge!
Stage 3 (58 Months)
Vocal Play ­ In comparison to Cooing, vocal play is normally steadier and longer. Vocal play
normally lasts for 1 second with consonant + vowellike sequences that are frequently
repeated. Intonation goes from low to high and vice versa. Nasal and fricative sounds are
made in various parts of the mouth.
Studies have shown that this is a period of practice of vocalisation for the child.
Stage 4 (713 Months)

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Babbling ­ Babbling is much less varied than vocal play. A smaller set of sounds are used
which accommodate the native language of the child.
Reduplicated Babbling is firstly used which involves only a couple of sounds such as
Then Variegated Babbling occurs when the child begins to use more varied
consonants/vowels in one single utterance e.g. [adu]
Stage 5 (918 Months)
Melodic Utterance ­ Variations in melody, rhythm and tone of voice become a major feature
towards the end of the first year.…read more

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Underextension ­ This is when a child uses a word in a restricted way. For example
when a child says `hat' she may only mean the hat SHE wears not anyone elses.…read more

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Subject + Compliment
These are the basic blocks of meaning and normally contain 2/3 of the components needed
for a complete sentence (Subject ­ Verb ­ Object) or SVO
Telegraphic Stage
At about 2 years of age children start to use 34 word combinations this indicates the
beginnings of the telegraphic stage.…read more

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CDS ­ (Child Directed Speech)
Have you ever noticed how adults will often talk to babies
in a really odd kind of voice? This `odd' sounding voice is
called CDS or motherese. But this type of voice isn't yet
known to actually aid the child in language development.
Intonation is exaggerated and words are stressed more
strongly than they are in adult conversation, the pitch is also
higher.…read more

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Of course the classroom setting also teaches children a lot of things, one of these is
formality. When in the classroom they are pushed to speak in a more formal manner than
they would in the playground for example.…read more

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:) PurpleJaguar (: - Team GR

so helpful, thanks a lot

I am doing AS English spec A but some of the stuff in this book helped me, especially the theories and keywords like 'overextension' - it was all written in short points so much easier to learn than what my teacher gave me at college :)



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