Child Language Acquisition - A Level Revision Book

This booklet covers a huge majority of the ENGB3 module section of Child Language Acquisition. For those wanting C's or those wanting A*'s this book provides for all levels. What you do it with it, is up to you :)

Hope this helps ... Mikey

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Revision Summary

N'awww so cute! Aren't you lil baba? Ahem... anyway.
Child Language Acquisition while it is not as difficult as its
counterpart of Language Change this topic isn't to be underestimated however. There are
lots of theories that can be applied to a piece of data. So many processes…

Page 2

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Babbling ­ Babbling is much less varied than vocal play. A smaller set of sounds are used
which accommodate the native language of the child.
Reduplicated Babbling is firstly used which involves only a couple of sounds such as
Then Variegated Babbling occurs when the child begins to use…

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E.g. Doggy >>> [gogi:]
Baby >>> [bibi]

Phonological Theory

Whenever you get a text on children speaking, if there is any evidence of the following
theories being true to the text then throw it in there, it can only get you marks!


Age Average Size of Vocabulary
1 100…

Page 4

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Underextension ­ This is when a child uses a word in a restricted way. For example
when a child says `hat' she may only mean the hat SHE wears not anyone elses.
Overextension ­ When a child uses a word to refer to several but related things such
as if…

Page 5

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"dolly dirty" = Subject + Compliment

These are the basic blocks of meaning and normally contain 2/3 of the components needed
for a complete sentence (Subject ­ Verb ­ Object) or SVO

Telegraphic Stage
At about 2 years of age children start to use 34 word combinations this indicates the…

Page 6

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Children learn how to interact with others at an early age. Even with the game of peekaboo
children begin to learn the rules of turn taking and the form of early social interaction, also
caregivers may respond to a baby's babbling as if they were having a conversation so…

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Page 8

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CDS ­ (Child Directed Speech)
Have you ever noticed how adults will often talk to babies
in a really odd kind of voice? This `odd' sounding voice is
called CDS or motherese. But this type of voice isn't yet
known to actually aid the child in language development.


Page 9

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Of course the classroom setting also teaches children a lot of things, one of these is
formality. When in the classroom they are pushed to speak in a more formal manner than
they would in the playground for example.
But it is hard for children of a young age to…

Page 10

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Graphophonic ­ Looking at the shapes of words and linking them to familiar
graphemes to interpret the sound of the word
Semantic ­ Understanding the meanings of words and making connections between
words in order to decode new ones
Visual ­ Looking at pictures to interpret unfamiliar words or ideas…


:) PurpleJaguar (: - Team GR


so helpful, thanks a lot

I am doing AS English spec A but some of the stuff in this book helped me, especially the theories and keywords like 'overextension' - it was all written in short points so much easier to learn than what my teacher gave me at college :)




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