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CHANGING URBAN ENVIRONMENTS
In 2008, for the first time ever, over half the world's population lived in
towns and cities. Urbanisation- where there are an increasing
proportion of city dwellers in contrast to those in the countryside- is a
worldwide process. It began at different times in different parts of…

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attraction of the emerging industrial cities. The people that migrate
into the towns are generally young and this results in relatively high
levels of natural increase. The high proportion of young adults results
in high levels of birth. Falling death rates due to improved medical care
mean more babies are…

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WHAT ARE THE ISSUES FOR PEOPLE LIVING IN URBAN AREA IN RICHER
PARTS OF THE WORLD?
ISSUE ONE: HOUSING
Population in the UK has increased by 7% since 1971 and the rate of
growth is predicted to continue, giving a population of 52.5 million by
2021. The number of households…

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Roads already exist Some shops and business parks on
outskirts provide local facilities
Near to facilities in town centres, e.g. Land cheaper on outskirts so plots can
shops, entertainment and places of be larger
work
Cuts commuting More space for gardens




ISSUE TWO: THE INNER CITY
Part of the demand…

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large-scale projects where major changes occurred with the help of
both public and private investment. Although the LDDC ceased to exist
after 1998, the area has continued to develop and change. During its
lifetime, £1.86 billion of public money was invested along with £7.7
billion from the private sector. Changes…

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sought to improve the housing that had been built in the 1960s to
replace the old terraces that once stood there. Integral to this was an
attempt to enhance the environment, community facilities and
shopping provision.




Sustainable communities allow people to live in an area where there is
housing of…

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Issue Three: Traffic
As we demand greater mobility and accessibility with flexibility, the
number of cars has increased, as has the problem of traffic congestion.
More people have more money and welcome the door-to-door service
that comes with having a car. Many households (27% in 2002) have
more than one…

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ISSUE FOUR: MULTICULTURAL MIX
Despite the apparent racial mix in many cities, a number of immigrants
choose to live with people from similar areas and away from others
with a different ethnicity and culture. This represents segregation.
Here are some reasons why people choose to cluster in the same area…

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ISSUE FIVE: THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT
During 1960s until early 1980s, the CBD struggled to attract
businesses. Out-of-town shopping areas and regional shopping centres
became more favourable as they offered pleasant shopping
opportunities with good parking. Cities seemed busy and crowded. The
air quality was poor with a smell of…

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