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THE DEVELOPMENT GAP
WHAT ARE THE TRADITIONAL WAYS OF DIVIDING UP THE WORLD?
FIRST, SECOND, THIRD AND FOURTH WORLDS
This early method of dividing up the world was from a western European perspective.
Europeans saw themselves as the first world. The wealthier regions they colonised, such
as North America and…

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only economic but also social and cultural. Many poor countries have a rich culture and
society. It was negative to suggest that culture was at a low level just because the country
was economically poor. LDC therefore became `less economically developed country'
(LEDC) and MDC became `more economically developed country'…

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forward is the burden of debt. They have borrowed large sums of money from other
countries or from world organisations such as the World Bank, but earning enough to
repay the debt with interest are taking funds that should be used for development
projects. This division is similar to NICs…

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Country GNP GNI HDI Birth Death Infant Number Literac Percentag
per per rate rate mortality of y Rate e of
Capita Capita per per per 1,000 doctors (%) population
(US $) (US $) 1,000 1,000 live per with clean
per per births 1,000 access to
Year year per year people…

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sacrificed for success in the working world. Some countries such as France have tried to
encourage career women to have children, using tax advantages and benefits.

Death rate is a poor indicator of development. Almost all countries have low death rates
today. The more economically developed the country, the higher…

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Climatic hazards such as drought regularly strike Africa, especially Ethiopia, Eritrea and
Somalia in the east. These limit future development and destroy what may have already
been achieved.

ECONOMIC FACTORS
Poverty causes poverty. Low life expectancy and low standards of living make an almost
impossible base from which to develop…

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ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
People abuse the land, but there are sometimes understandable reasons for doing so.
Farmers on the verge of starvation are unlikely to be concerned about the rainforest that
they are cutting down to try and feed their families. Throughout the Sahel region just
south of the Sahara, deforestation…

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HOW DO PHYSICAL AND HUMAN FACTORS
INCREASE GLOBAL INEQUALITIES?

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Economic Factors

World trade is often unfair. Richer countries want to pay as little as possible for their raw
materials, many of which come from developing countries. There is often more supply than
demand, which keeps prices low. Poorer countries find themselves competing against each
other for business and have…

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