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Ages and stages

Below is a diagram to indicate the different `ages and stages' in a life cycle

Pre-Conception and pregnancy:

It is important for women planning to become pregnant to follow a healthy diet.
The diet before pregnancy can affect chances of having a successful pregnancy
and health…

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a balanced healthy diet; however, some nutrients are of particular importance-
folic acid, iron, vitamin C and vitamin A

Nutritional needs:
Energy requirements-
Slightly higher during pregnancy
Extra energy needed for last three months, but not during the first six.
This is to allow for the rapid growth and development…

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Vegetarians should take special care to ensure an adequate intake of
iron-rich foods.
Iron deficiency anaemia during pregnancy can increase the risk of foetus
having a low birth weight and developing iron deficiency anaemia during the
first year or two of life.
Liver should be avoided as it contains high…

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Pregnant women should avoid:
Raw or lightly cooked eggs. Products containing them
Raw or lightly cooked meat
Unpasteurised milk
Liver and liver products
Blue veined cheeses

Vitamin A
Essential for good health, however large intakes during early pregnancy have been
linked to birth defects. Liver should be avoided because of…

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Helps mother to loss excess fat stores gained during pregnancy
When women are breast feeding they should ensure their diet contains foods that
are good sources of energy, protein, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and zinc, as
well as B group vitamins and vitamins A,C and D. Energy needs increase during

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Include foods that contain iron as babies iron stores will have been used up
and iron prevents anaemia
Do not leave children unsupervised as they could choke
Gluten should be avoided encase the baby has coeliac disease
Babies meals should be small and frequent as they have small stomachs that…

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Have sugary foods/drink as part of main meal
Avoid sipping of sugary drinks or sucking of sweets
Do not choose sticky foods which stay in mouth for long time
Use fluoride toothpaste/drops/tablets
Register child with dentist and visit regularly
Encourage children to drink milk
Encourage children to brush teeth twice…

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infections, poor weight gain and delay in development. Girls need more iron
because of onset of menstruation.
Vitamin C and iron- vitamin C helps iron absorption
Calcium needed for healthy teeth development together with Vitamin D, helps make
bones strong. Childhood is important for tooth and bone development,
Fluoride-is needed…

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A good mixed diet is important. There is increasing tendency for teenagers,
particularly girls, to control their weight by following inappropriate diets.
Care should be taken that dieting does not lead to dietary problems later in
Fruit and vegetables provide NSP and promote healthy skin
B vitamins in general…

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Eat enough carbohydrate to keep going during exercise
Eat plenty of wholegrain breads and cereals, fruit and vegetables and
moderate amounts of milk, yogurt, lean meat, fish and eggs
Eat enough food for the amount of exercise taken
Drink plenty of fluid- we need more than the six to eight…


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