CCEA Home Economics: Vitamins

This document contains:

  • Fat Soluble Vitamins:
  1. Vitaimin A (Beta-Carotene/ Retinol)
  2. Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol)
  • Water Soluble Vitamins:
  1. Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)
  2. Vitamin B groups: 



    Folic Acid




  • Anti-oxidants
  • Retaining Vitamins
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  • Created by: Stephen
  • Created on: 28-09-11 16:06
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Page 1

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What are vitamins?
Complex organic substances that are needed in very small amounts for many of the
processes carried out in the body.

Minerals and vitamins are micro nutrients- needed in small amounts to keep the
body working properly

Fat Soluble Water Soluble
Vitamin A Vitamin C
Beta-Carotene/ Retinol…

Page 2

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Oily fish

Margarine is fortified with Vitamin D by law.

Fortified means that something is added to the food during manufacturing. This is
advised by the government

*Calcium and Vitamin D work together*

2. Vitamin A
2a) Retinol
Retinol is the main form of Vitamin…

Page 3

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Water Soluble
3. Vitamin C
Vitamin C has several functions in the body. It:-
Prevents scurvy
Helps the healing of wounds
Helps the body absorb Iron
Play a protective role against some cancers and heart disease possibly
through its antioxidants properties (fight damage to body cells)

Sources of Vitamin C:-…

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Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
Sources Functions Deficiencies Requirements in
-Fortified Helps release of -Slows Growth RNI for men
breakfast cereals energy from and development 1.0mg a day
-Meat nutrient in every -Tiredness
-Liver cell in the body -Depression RNI for women
-Milk -Beriberi 0.8mg a day
-Milk products

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-Milk -Helps release -Skin and eye RNI for women
-Milk products energy to cells problems 1.1MG a day
-Meat and in bodies use Increase during
-Liver of carbohydrates pregnancy and
-Eggs lactation
-Green veg.

Pyridoxine (B6)
Sources Functions Deficiencies Requirements in
-Liver -Metabolism of Rare but: RNI for men…

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What are antioxidants?
Free radicals which can be found in the atmosphere can damage cells/tissues which
can lead to cancer and CHD. Antioxidants (vitamins A, C, and E) prevent the
damaging effects caused by free radicals and therefore reduce the risk of Cancer
and CHD.

Anti-oxidants are readily obtained…

Page 7

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Q3) List 3 ways vitamins can be saved during preparation and cooking vegetables:

Q4) Complete the following;

Scurvy is caused by a lack of vitamin ________________.

Beriberi is caused by a lack of vitamin _______________.

The alternative name for vitamin b1 is _______________.…


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