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Dietary Disorders

Coronary Heart Disease
Diabetes
Dental caries
Hypertension
Iron deficiency anaemia
Obesity
Osteoporosis

Coronary Heart Disease

How do you get it?
Coronary arteries supply heart with blood. CHD occurs when one or more of these
is blocked or narrowed due to a build up of fatty deposits on its…

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Fibre
Higher intakes are associated with lower risk of heart disease. Soluble fibre
reduces cholesterol levels.

Antioxidants
Nutrients such as A, C AND E (antioxidants) offer some protection against CHD.
Fruit and veg. are good sources of these nutrients.

Salt
Too much salt in diet is linked with high blood…

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What is it and how do you get it?
During digestion the body produces glucose and uses it for energy. A hormone
called insulin helps the glucose to enter cells and as this happens the level of
glucose in the blood drops.

Diabetes is a condition where the amount of…

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Leading an inactive lifestyle
Being inactive contributes to weight gain and increases risk of type 2 diabetes.


Family History
Risk increases if diabetes is in the family. The closer the relative the greater the
risk

Other Health Problems
If you have been diagnosed with circulation problems, had a heart attack…

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Periods of rapid growth
How can diet help?
Eat plenty of iron to provide haemoglobin which is needed to carry oxygen around
the body.

Take vitamin C rich foods to help absorb iron (especially non haem iron- plant
sources)

Factors that affect the absorption of iron and calcium:
Iron absorption…

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Genetic factors affecting appetite, metabolic rate and how the body stores
fat
Overeating
Irregular meals
Lack of daily exercise
Medicines that can cause weight gain.

Health problems with obesity
Poor body image and low self esteem, which can lead to psychological
anxiety and depression
Difficulties breathing
Difficulties walking or running…

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Dental Caries

What is it and how do you get it?

Also known as tooth decay. This occurs when bacterial processes damage the hard
structure of a tooth. Surface of tooth breaks down progressively, resulting in a
hole in tooth called a dental cavity. If left untreated the disease can…

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Visit dentist regularly (every six months)

Fluoride
If taken when teeth are developing, as in the case of young children, it is
incorporated into structure of the teeth and gives added protection against acid
damage. It is possible to take too much fluoride which results in mottling of tooth
enamel.…

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Complications
Atherosclerosis: narrowing of arteries
Stroke: haemorrhage or blood clot in brain
Aneurysm: dangerous expansion of the main artery either in the chest or the
abdomen, which becomes weakened and may rupture
Heart attack
Heart failure: reduced pumping ability
Kidney failure
Eye damage

Prevention
Every adult or past middle age…

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