causes and consequences of suburbanisation

A2 GEOG UNIT 3 AQA SPEC

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  • Created on: 05-04-12 15:08
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Causes of Suburbanisation:
Deindustrialisation
Britain's manufacturing base rapidly made millions of young and middle aged men
unemployed therefore forcing them to move elsewhere out of the city centre to find jobs
Workers lacked skills for jobs in service sector
Thus, urban unemployment rose, old industrial factories closed, dereliction increased
Between, 1951 and 1981, 11 largest UK cities lost 31% of their population
Decentralisation
Spreading out- moving away from the core of the city
Social problems in the inner city
Exhibits higher crime rates
Poor schools and poor health provision
Threat of assault, vandalism and property based theft linked to rising unemployment
Mid to late 20th century
Growth of public transport systems and increased use of the private car
Presence of railway lines and arterial roads enabled wealthier commuters to live some
distance away from their places of work
ICT and communications developments meant more people can work from home.

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Consequences of Suburbanisation
On inner cities:
Suburbanisation of jobs leads to decreased employment opportunities, leading to increased
unemployment, increasing poverty
Increased vacant and derelict buildings may be dangerous and/or unsightly and may deter
new inward investment.
Decreasing need for high rise, high density housing leading to clearance and replacement by
low rise, low density housing.
Increased industrial and residential clearance for improved communication networks e.g.…read more

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