World Cities

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Definition of a Megacity
A city with a population of over 10 million e.g. New York 20.3 million (2008)
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Definition of a Millionaire City
A city with a population of greater than 1 million e.g. Chicago 6 million
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Definition of a World City
Cities which play a disproportionately important role in the global economic system. They allow global finance and trade to function in a few strategic geographic locations
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How many cities account for 30% of the world's economy?
100
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What percentage of the world's population live in towns and cities?
50%
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Name the most urbanised continents.
North America, South America and Oceania
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Name the least urbanised continents.
Asia and Africa (However Urbanisation is increasing most rapidly in these continents)
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Definition of Urbanisation
A growing proportion of people in towns/cities
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Name the causes of Urbanisation
Natural increase and Rural-urban migration
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Causes of Natural Increase
Declining deathrate as a result as improved medical care and better hygiene. Also high birth rate.
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Causes of Rural-urban Migration
People in search of better-paid jobs and the hope of better housing and living conditions
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Case Study of Urbanisation
Mumbai - Dharavi, biggest slum in India.
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Definition of Suburbanisation
The process of population movement from the central areas of cities towards the suburbs on the outskirts or the rural-urban fringe.
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Causes of Suburbanisation
Development of transport networks/Increase in ownership of private cars/Technological advances (e.g. phone and internet) /More pleasant environment on the outskirts
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Examples of Suburbanisation
USA during WW1
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Consequences of Suburbanisation
Increase of traffic (CO2 emissions)/ Loss of countryside
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Definition of Edge Cities
Suburban areas with clusters of office building built around suburban business districts and shopping
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Case Study of Suburbanisation
Los Angeles
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Definition of Counter-urbanisation
The process in which the population of cities actually falls as people move out beyond the rural-urban fringe areas truly rural
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Case Study of Counter-urbanisation
St Ives, Cambridgeshire
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Definition of Megalopolis
A very large, heavily populated city or urban complex
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Deinition of Suburban Sprawl
The spreading outwards of a city and its suburbs to its outskirts to low-density and auto-dependant development on rural land
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Definition of a 'Donut' city
A city whose centre has declined
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Definition of an Edge City
A relatively large urban area situated on the outskirts of a city
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Definition of an Ethnic Enclave
A neighborhood, district or suburb which retains some cultural distinction from a larger, surrounding area.
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Definition of Re-urbanisation
The movement of people back to live in old city centres which have been redeveloped
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When did re-urbanisation begin in the UK?
From the 1950s many locations had become outdated and been allowed to deteriorate. Since the 1980s attracting services, new housing and new jobs into city centres was seen as a means of improving these areas.
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What do re-urbanisation strategies do?
Improve environment/ Encourage self help/Encourage private sector investment/Better education for local people/Bring in new jobs/Improve housing/Bring derelict land and buildings back into use
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Definition of Gentrification
The rehabilitation/renewal of a deteriorated neighbourhood by new individuals who are wealthier than the long-time residents.
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Example of Gentrification
London - Notting Hill (NW London)
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Definitaion of Urban Deprivation
A standard of living below that of the majority in a particular society that involves hardships and lack of access to resources
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Definition of Property Led Regeneration
Private companies fuel regeneration schemes e.g. HSBC rather than individuals
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Example of Property Led Regeneration
London Docklands
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Definition of Knowledge Economy
An economy in which growth is dependant on the quamtity, quality and accessibility of the information available, rather than the means of producation
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Card 2

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Definition of a Millionaire City

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A city with a population of greater than 1 million e.g. Chicago 6 million

Card 3

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Definition of a World City

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Card 4

Front

How many cities account for 30% of the world's economy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What percentage of the world's population live in towns and cities?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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Comments

valient A. MOTONDO

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Very Very helpful :)

Mattiem9

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Absolutely brilliant, standing ovation

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