Case study for the effects of hurricanes in an LEDC: hurricane Mitch, Honduras

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Global issues climatic hazards revision
Case study for the effects of hurricanes in an LEDC- hurricane Mitch, Honduras
Impacts
Social- 3 years worth of rain fell in 3 days, huge storm surges swept away
homes, 10,000 died, 3 million made homeless
Economic- $5bn worth of damage and set back the economic growth of the
country by 20 years.
environmental- floods and mudslides destroyed landscapes and coastal
wetlands
Responses
short term- disaster appeal raised $22bn, international aid provided fresh
drinking water and healthcare for survivors as well as material to help with
rebuilding
long term- land conservation to include reforestation and intensification
programs to make region more resilient to hazards, world bank made
$200million available
Causes
Mitch was very powerful: worst hurricane in 200 years, sustained with
speeds of 290kmph and gusts of 320kmph, combined with orographic uplift
in the mountains meant it produced a huge amount of rainfall (200mm fell
which triggered mudslides).
Mitch was to a large extent manmade: deforestation from commercial
logging, agriculture and mining in the mountains led to large mudslides.
Deforestation is also linked to population growth and poverty.
Population growth at 5 fold since 1990: increasing the vulnerability of
Honduras to hurricanes.

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