LEDC Tropical Storm Case Study: Hurricane Mitch

For Edexcel Geography A

HideShow resource information
Preview of LEDC Tropical Storm Case Study: Hurricane Mitch

First 302 words of the document:

LEDC Tropical Storm Case Study: Hurricane Mitch, 1998
Causes
The tropical storm formed in October 1998 on East coast of Central America
Hurricanes are caused by warm, moist air rising and condensing into cloud. This produces heavy rain, and cold air sinks down the
middle of the storm
Less dense air rose from seas of over 27 degrees Celsius and caused sea levels to rise (low pressure)
Rise of air causes high winds in a rapid spirally motion
Effects
Primary Impacts
Death toll of over 17,000 in Honduras
Towns, schools, roads, bridges and power lines destroyed
Over 70% of crops destroyed
Death toll of nearly 3000 in Nicaragua
Mud slides destroyed villages
Secondary Impacts
600,000 people forced to live in makeshift shelters in Honduras
20% of farms ruined in Nicaragua ­ no food
20% of population made homeless in Nicaragua (750,000)
Main roads out of Managua (capital city) destroyed
Responses
The government
Nicaraguan Defence Minister organised delivery of food and medical supplies to worst-hit areas
Army construction teams sent to repair roads and replace destroyed bridges
World Bank
Gave $25 million to help rebuild roads, health clinics and bridges
Also provided money for environmental management and protection against effects of future natural disasters
Money lent to Nicaragua to buy school books (4.7 million text books and 4.3 million work books were distributed to 850,000 primary
school students)
$2.5 million loan to let children go to school and to train teachers
Evaluation
Food farms lost caused set back of 10 years in Central American development ­ lost a lot of food and homes
Short term aid was recieved very quickly to help with food shortages and medicine
Long-term aid helps to reduce poverty and improve living standards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all resources »