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Background theory and Psychologists:
Assumptions/ Approaches/Perspective:
Theory/Model/ Concept definition:
Self-efficacy: the belief in oneself to organise and execute a course of action (Your belief in your ability to
succeed or fail in a situation).
If you are more confident, you're more likely to succeed!
People with a strong efficacy…

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High ecological validity: a real snake phobia was investigated
Small sample size (ungeneralisable- gynocentric)
Lab experiment: allows for high control over extraneous variables so the IV can be tested on the DV so cause and
effect can be established reliably
Self-report method: social desirability, low validity
Not specific to health…


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