Self-efficacy theory

  • Created by: Em
  • Created on: 28-03-16 15:04
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  • Self-efficacy theory
    • Description
      • Bandura (1982) introduced the concept. It refers to our beliefs about our abilities
      • Self-efficacy differs from self-esteem in being situation specific
        • Our self-esteem is fairly constant and generalises across quite different situations
          • We can have different self-efficacy in different situations
      • If we have good sporting self-efficacy we believe we are good at our sport and this has a positive impact on motivation
      • Schunk (1991) suggested we get the information about our sporting abilities from several sources
        • Our past experiences of success and failure, persuasion by other people and the self-efficacy of our peers
          • If other people of a similar ability believe they can do something then it makes sense that we will also be able to
    • Evaluation
      • There is no suggestion the self-efficacy theory is a complete explanation of sporting motivation
        • However, it does appear to be an influence
          • It is an influence that can be harnessed by coaches and teachers to improve motivation
      • Wells et al (1993) demonstrated the power of self-efficacy and the ease at which a good coach can improve it
        • The group who believed they had lifted heavier weights than they actually did were actually able to lift the most.
        • This is done not necessarily by lying but by emphasising the positive aspects of their performance


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