AS Psychology: Explanations of Attachments & More Revision Grids

Combination of explanations of attachments, cultural variations and Mary Ainsworth's 'Strange Situation' all compiled together, did not separate them out before - apologies.

Grids chunk the information to make it easier to digest and understand, a good revision tool to use on your own revising or with a peer who can ask specific areas for you to recall, a refreshing exercise which makes you more active.

Hope they are useful.

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  • Created on: 12-04-12 20:58
Preview of AS Psychology: Explanations of Attachments & More Revision Grids

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Psychology Revision
Explanations
of
Attachments
(1): Case
Studies
Psychologist Procedure Findings Conclusion
LEARNING
THEORY:
GLASGOW
BABIES STUDY
First year, 60%
of the babies
attached to
Attachment
Families from feeder, mum or
influenced by
Glasgow dad. 18 months,
who feeds them.
interviewed at rare not to have
Results show
home separation multiple
Schaffer & that feeder
anxiety & attachments.
Emerson becomes figure.
stranger anxiety. Over half first
Because
Behaviour of attachment to
attachments are
children mother 30%
associated with
observed. shared equal.
food + pleasure.
Attachment to
feeder common,
not just mother.
BOWLBY'S
THEORY
Monkeys under Whichever
Monkeys have
a range of mother
instinct to stay
artificial contained
close to object
conditions. Two feeding bottle,
that seems like a
artificial all monkeys
monkey. Instinct
Harlow mothers, both spent more time
for survival
warm but one with the soft
concluded that
soft and monkey mother. Even
humans may
head, other wire not rewarded
have this
mesh but had with its main
instinct also.
food. biological need.

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Mainly based on operant conditioning, influenced by
the outcome of our behaviour. Pleasure becomes
Cupboard
associated with the carer because of the feeding. Food
Love Theory primary reinforce, feeder secondary reinforce.
Behaviour positively reinforced.
Humans evolved to make attachments, instinct and part of
nature. Innate ability, we are born with. Behaviours that
Bowlby's
function to get a response from the parent such as smiling.
Theory Sensitive period of 1yr, one attachment figure, monotropy,
internal model to be carried to future as adults.…read more

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Overemphasised role of mother,
Supporting evidence from research social consequences in 20th century,
studies, Harlow's monkeys, and generation of women giving up
evolutionary sense, realistic that they work, unnecessary? Guilt for those
cling to mother, food may be vital but who didn't, problem with custody
survival more so in long-term. fathers, custody with mothers
usually, mother greater role than
father, equally good parents.…read more

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Part of early
social
developmen
t.
Seeking Joy on
Seeking Separation Stranger
Involvemen Reunion
Proximity Anxiety Anxiety
t Pleasure
Trying to be Distress Fear of
Involved upon
close when apart Strangers
with figure reunion
TYPES OF ATTACHMENTS
I
N
S
E
C
U
R
E
A
SECURE ATTACHMENT
T
T
A
C
H
M
E
N
T
S
S
Beneficial type of attachment u
(Ainsworth). Act confidently, explore b
environment, carer as secure base.…read more

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A
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s
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o…read more

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S
t
r
a
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g
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r
s
a
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s
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i…read more

Page 7

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I
n
s
e
c
u
r
e
R
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s
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s
t
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t
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s…read more

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S
t
r
a
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g
e
r
a
n
x
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e
t
y
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x
t
r
e
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,…read more

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D
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s
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g
a
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s
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o…read more

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