COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY REVISION SUMMARY/DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY REVISION SUMMARY

FILLED OUT GRIDS OF THE COGNITIVE + DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY NOTES , WITH PSYCHOLOGISTS NAMES AND FINDINGS + NAMES

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COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY REVISION SUMMARY
STM LTM
Seconds Years
DURATIO
N
7 plus or minus 2 characters Unlimited
(letters or numbers)
CAPACITY
Visual/auditory Semantic
ENCODING
Baddeley (1966) - Ppts had
RESEARCH difficulty remembering
acoustically similar words in
STM but not in LTM.
Semantically similar words
posed little problem for
short-term recall but led to
muddled long term
memories
MULTI-STORE WORKING MEMORY
SM-STM-LTM, three A model of short term
separate stores. Information memory, information is
OUTLINE is passed from one store to manipulated in different
(6 Marks the next if it is paid attention sub-sections depending on
Worth) to and rehearsed. what type of information it is
Information can be lost if it e.g. visual, auditory. This is
decays or is not transferred manipulated by the central

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VSS and phonological loop
Glanzer & Cunitz (1966) Baddeley et al. (1975). Visual
Primacy/recency effect. task and either another visual
RESEARCH Primacy occurs because task or a verbal. Couldn't do
first words are transferred both visual at the same time.
to LTM and recency are still Shallice & Warrington (70)
in STM. case of KF showed STM
worked independently of LTM
Scoville & Milner (1957
Case of HM couldn't form
new long term memories.…read more

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DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY REVISION SUMMARY
EXPLANATION BEHAVIOURAL EVOLUTIONARY
S
Children become attached Children are
through classical pre-programmed to form an
OUTLINE conditioning (learning attachment, they use their
(3MARKS through association) or mothers as a secure base,
WORTH) operant conditioning care giving is adaptive and
(reinforcement) there is a sensitive period.
Harlow (1959) Monkeys Lorenz (1952) Geese
chose mother who offered imprinted on first moving
EVALUATION comfort rather than mothers thing i.e. a human showing
(3 MARKS who offered food showing attachment as innate.…read more

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INSECURE AVOIDANT: avoid
social interaction with
others, low stranger anxiety
and high willingness to
explore
INSECURE RESISTANT: high
stranger anxiety, distressed
at separation from mother,
seeks and rejects caregiver
at reunion
The Strange Situation Van Ijzendoorn &
Observational situation Kroonenberg (1988)
RESEARCH between mother and child meta-analysis of the findings
(6 MARKS with 8 episodes showing from 32 studies of
WORTH) behaviour with and without attachment behaviour found
mother and with and without as many inter-culture
stranger. Findings from differences as intra-culture
Ainsworth et al.…read more

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