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COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY REVISION SUMMARY



STM LTM
Seconds Years
DURATIO
N
7 plus or minus 2 characters Unlimited
(letters or numbers)
CAPACITY


Visual/auditory Semantic
ENCODING


Baddeley (1966) - Ppts had
RESEARCH difficulty remembering
acoustically similar words in
STM but not in LTM.
Semantically similar words
posed little problem for
short-term recall…

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through one of the above executive which controls the
mechanisms VSS and phonological loop

Glanzer & Cunitz (1966) Baddeley et al. (1975). Visual
Primacy/recency effect. task and either another visual
RESEARCH Primacy occurs because task or a verbal. Couldn't do
first words are transferred both visual at the same time.…

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DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY REVISION SUMMARY




EXPLANATION BEHAVIOURAL EVOLUTIONARY
S
Children become attached Children are
through classical pre-programmed to form an
OUTLINE conditioning (learning attachment, they use their
(3MARKS through association) or mothers as a secure base,
WORTH) operant conditioning care giving is adaptive and
(reinforcement) there is a sensitive period.


Harlow…

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INSECURE AVOIDANT: avoid
social interaction with
others, low stranger anxiety
and high willingness to
explore

INSECURE RESISTANT: high
stranger anxiety, distressed
at separation from mother,
seeks and rejects caregiver
at reunion


The Strange Situation Van Ijzendoorn &
Observational situation Kroonenberg (1988)
RESEARCH between mother and child meta-analysis of the findings…

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