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Richard Nixon
1969-74 Presidency
·From a family of a religious mother and an
argumentative father
· Elected to the senate in 1950
·Running mate for Eisenhower
·Lost against Kennedy in 1960
·Defeated democrat Humphrey in 1968 election
·Ended US involvement in Vietnam in 1973
·Announced his resignation in 1974…read more

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Nixon was important in US politics in several ways. In his
early political career he contributed greatly to the
paranoid Cold War atmosphere. On social issues, he was
a moderate Republican who unlike Reagan, did not want
to dismantle the federal government safety net that
previous presidents (democrats) had set up to help the
poor, sick and elderly.
Until his disgrace, he helped keep the Republican party
out of the hands of right wingers who wanted minimal
government intervention in helping the poor. He helped
win many ex-democrats to the Republican party,
especially in the South. As president, he did a great deal
in helping the less fortunate but struggled with the
In foreign policy, he reluctantly ended US participation in
the Vietnam War and improved relations in USSR and
China. He is best remembered for trying to cover up the
Watergate Burglary, in which his men broke into the
democratic party headquarters. Watergate become
synonymous with Nixon, dishonesty and disgrace.…read more

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1968 Election
It debatable to say that a desire for law and order
was the reason Nixon was elected in 1968.
After the assassination of both Martin Luther King
and democrat candidate Robert Kennedy, as well as
US involvement in Vietnam (anti war movement),
America was in a state of uproar.
Nixon promised to get US troops out of Vietnam
with `Peace and Honour', something the majority of
American had hoped for
He was also seen as a stable candidate for the
presidency, America at the time needed stability
A split in the democratic party candidates definitely
weakened the democratic parties campaign
Mostly his election was down to America's want for
law and order, and again the withdrawal of US
troops from Vietnam
He was continuously backed by southerners who did
not trust Washington and it's politics…read more

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Nixon and Race
Much like his election in 68, in 72 Nixon had to ensure Middle
America's vote. He was described in The Times as `the
embodiment of Middle America', this was because Nixon
ensured that middle America knew that he shared their dislike
for Liberal Supreme Court Rulings such as the 1966 Miranda vs.
Arizona which seemed to give the accused more rights that the
victim. Also liberal calls for busing, equal rights for African
Americans, women and homosexuals. Like middle America,
Nixon was tire of anti war protests, ghetto riots and the lack of
law and order.
He also continued his `Southern Strategy' to win votes
across America who had concerns about racial integration,
affirmative action and welfare.
·The Nixon administration tried (and failed) to slow
down school desegregation by arguing for a delay in
federal court, despite the Supreme Court's 1967 ruling of
immediate desegregation
·Also, busing was opposed by over 80% of Americans.
In 1972 Nixon attacked Liberals who supported Busing,
but failed to sought a constitutional amendment against
· In his previous election, Nixon had promised
southerners that he would select Supreme Court judges
who would slow down the pace of integration. His
nominations however, were rejected.
Getting Re-elected in 1972…read more

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In Welfare, Nixon wanted to:
Stop discrimination against low income fathers who did
not desert their children
Make welfare recipients work
Decrease the bureaucracy
Equalise payments across the United States
In 1969 Nixon announce the Family Assistance Plan which
Nixon a lot of votes, despites it's failure through Congress.
Law and Order
Law and Order statistics:
· 1969 there 602 attempted bombings, and rose to 1577 in
the following year. 50% resulted from campus disorders,
and 19% from black extremists
· Spring 1969 black students at Cornell demand the
establishment of Black studies programmes by gun toting
· 1970 Boston University evacuated the building on 80
occasions due to bomb threats
Nixon sent a bill to congress to decrease crime, they
responded with the District of Columbia Crime Control Act
of 1970
Getting Re-elected in 1972…read more

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Rebellious Youth
Student protests began under Johnson and continued under
Nixon. Many Americans thought these protesters were dealt
with too leniently and therefore Nixon saw this as a chance to
win votes.
1969 saw America's greatest ever anti war protesters, and
although by 1970 these had decreased, protests on civil rights,
capitalism and the Black Panthers had increased. In an
attempt to solve these growing protests, Nixon:
Urged universities to enforce their own rules
Said federal scholarships ad loans would cease for convicted
student criminals
Adjusted the draft so students over 20 were no longer
Secretly monitored disruptive groups
Took protesters to court. For example, in 1970 10,000
people were arrested in Washington D.C
The counterculture and protests were seen extremely
dangerous to Middle America and helped contribute to Nixon'
s 1972 victory.
Getting Re-elected in 1972…read more

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