AS Edexcel History: Consensus and conflict: All the PM's Successes and failures and Time line

All the British Prime Ministers Policies with their successes and failures and how they got in to power from 1945 to 1990, Attlee through to Thatcher.

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Why they got power Policy / Event Successes Failures
Many traditionally Welfare State Free compulsory education Delayed introduction of the NHS
Tory seats fell to Gave everyone free health care Expensive!
Labour (southeast, Solved the 5 giants: want, Other priorities- housing
midlands, rural areas) idleness, disease, squalor and Opposition of…

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Dollar too strong: dollar gap-
repayments harder

Military $1.5 billion in Marshall aid Increased defense spending=
austerity= rationing & shortages
& wage freezes

Housing 1 million new homes built Took a while to build as Housing
157000 prefab houses built minister increasing quality of
houses

LABOUR: ATTLEE 1945-1951



TIME LINE…

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CONSERVATIVE: CHURCHILL 1951-1955

Why they got into power Policies / Events Successes Failures
Labour party looking divided Rationing Ended- money available from end
and exhausted of Korean War
Bevan resigned due to
prescription charges
Wilson opposed to rearmament
First-past-the-post system
­Close!

Economy Buskellism, economic consensus:
continued Keynesianism, tried to
maintain…

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TIME LINE

1953- Denationalisation of iron and steel

1955- Churchill resigns, Eden replaces him, Gaitskell head of Labour Party

1956- Suez Canal Crisis: troops sent to Egypt then withdrawn again

1957- Eden resigns, Macmillan replaces him

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CONSERVATIVE: MACMILLAN 1957-1964

Why they got into Power Policies/ Events Successes Failures
Eden resigned "Never had it so good" Increased Morale Warning: Consumer boom=
No election but "soundings" Speech increase in inflation and
taken by the grandees of the unemployment
Conservative Party

Social Rise in real wages Rent Act: Increased…

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Didn't want to be PM

TIMELINE

1957- Treaty of Rome creates EEC

1958- Peter Thorneycroft resigns over economic policy

1959 ­ Macmillan becomes PM, "Never had it so good" speech

1961 ­ Britain joining the EEC vetoed

1962 ­ Night of long knives

1963 ­ Wilson labour leader, Macmillan resigns,…

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LABOUR: WILSON 1964-1970

Why they got into power Policies/ Events Successes Failures
Wilson Foreign Policy Good relationship with USA
announced his Avoided sending troops to
agenda to do Vietnam
with scientific
revolution
He ran circles
around
Douglas-Home
and his other
party members
Scraped a win in
the election

Economy 4%…

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Stopped producing aircraft
carriers
Less spent on army

Trade Unions TUC promised to moniter Brown resigned- drink
strikes and labour disputes problem
"In place of Strife"- Cooling Workers not happy with
off period before strikes etc "In place of Strife" Etc

TIME LINE

1964- Wilson becomes PM

1965 ­ Comprehensive…

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CONSERVATIVE: HEATH 1970-1974

Why did they get in Policies/ Events Successes Failures
to power
Much to Industry Industrial relations act: Trade Unions refused act-
every one's employer/employee difficult to enforce, govt lost
surprise bargaining made fair, control
Many were restricted striking rights, More strikes and flying
in support Trade Unions…

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1970- Heath becomes PM

1971- Industrial Relations Act, NUM national strike

1973 ­ Britain joins EEC, Oil crisis

1974- 3 day week to ration electricity, Miners' strike, General Election

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