AS Edexcel History: Consensus and conflict: All the PM's Successes and failures and Time line

All the British Prime Ministers Policies with their successes and failures and how they got in to power from 1945 to 1990, Attlee through to Thatcher.

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Why they got power Policy / Event Successes Failures
Many traditionally Welfare State Free compulsory education Delayed introduction of the NHS
Tory seats fell to Gave everyone free health care Expensive!
Labour (southeast, Solved the 5 giants: want, Other priorities- housing
midlands, rural areas) idleness, disease, squalor and Opposition of the health market
Labour suited the ignorance
feeling of the time Single biggest employer in 80s
Many gained public
trust while being in
Churchills wartime
government ( Attlee,
Dalton, Bevin)
Tories associated
with 30s depression
and failed to deliver a
"land fit for heroes"
after WWI
Gestapo speech
against Labours
policies, and Attlee's
better come back
Poor electioneering
during the war
Nationalisation Little opposition from the Tories, Coal- unproductive & in debt
apart from iron & steel
Gave labour rallying ground
Economy Keynesianism: employment is 4189 million debt
priority Manufacturing exports dropped

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Dollar too strong: dollar gap-
repayments harder
Military $1.…read more

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Why they got into power Policies / Events Successes Failures
Labour party looking divided Rationing Ended- money available from end
and exhausted of Korean War
Bevan resigned due to
prescription charges
Wilson opposed to rearmament
First-past-the-post system
Economy Buskellism, economic consensus:
continued Keynesianism, tried to
maintain full employment and
Military Maintained defense commitments
Developed nuclear weapons
Stroke Churchill away for months in
Why they got in to power Policies/ Events Successes Failures
Churchill resigned Election Increased…read more

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1953- Denationalisation of iron and steel
1955- Churchill resigns, Eden replaces him, Gaitskell head of Labour Party
1956- Suez Canal Crisis: troops sent to Egypt then withdrawn again
1957- Eden resigns, Macmillan replaces him…read more

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Why they got into Power Policies/ Events Successes Failures
Eden resigned "Never had it so good" Increased Morale Warning: Consumer boom=
No election but "soundings" Speech increase in inflation and
taken by the grandees of the unemployment
Conservative Party
Social Rise in real wages Rent Act: Increased rent=
Reduction in class harder for the poor
300,000 houses-more
than labour
Mortgages easily
Economics More concerned with winning
the election than the economy
Too much spent on defense:
decrease in industrial
development…read more

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Didn't want to be PM
1957- Treaty of Rome creates EEC
1958- Peter Thorneycroft resigns over economic policy
1959 ­ Macmillan becomes PM, "Never had it so good" speech
1961 ­ Britain joining the EEC vetoed
1962 ­ Night of long knives
1963 ­ Wilson labour leader, Macmillan resigns, Douglas-Home becomes PM
1964 ­ Wilson becomes PM…read more

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LABOUR: WILSON 1964-1970
Why they got into power Policies/ Events Successes Failures
Wilson Foreign Policy Good relationship with USA
announced his Avoided sending troops to
agenda to do Vietnam
with scientific
He ran circles
and his other
party members
Scraped a win in
the election
Economy 4% growth predicted Wage freezes
Massive loan from BOE & Increase in prices
temporary taxes on imports= Government spending cuts
HELPED Devaluation of the pound
Education & Culture Expansion of polytechnics Unable to fulfil pledge of…read more

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Stopped producing aircraft
Less spent on army
Trade Unions TUC promised to moniter Brown resigned- drink
strikes and labour disputes problem
"In place of Strife"- Cooling Workers not happy with
off period before strikes etc "In place of Strife" Etc
1964- Wilson becomes PM
1965 ­ Comprehensive schools drive, Heath BECOMES LEADER OF Tory party, Race Relations Act, Suspension of capital punishment
1966 ­ General Election
1967 ­ Homosexuality and abortion legalised, devaluation of £, EEC vetoed by France again
1968- "Rivers…read more

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Why did they get in Policies/ Events Successes Failures
to power
Much to Industry Industrial relations act: Trade Unions refused act-
every one's employer/employee difficult to enforce, govt lost
surprise bargaining made fair, control
Many were restricted striking rights, More strikes and flying
in support Trade Unions had to pickets
of Enoch register with the Govt COULD HAVE BEEN AVOIDED
Powell who Nationalised Rolls-Royce 21% wage increase, but they
campaigned Paid £34 mil to Upper still striked
against the Clyde Shipbuilders
Labour…read more

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Heath becomes PM
1971- Industrial Relations Act, NUM national strike
1973 ­ Britain joins EEC, Oil crisis
1974- 3 day week to ration electricity, Miners' strike, General Election…read more


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