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Joe Verbena


Multi- store Model of Memory (MSM)

Proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin.
Sensory memory detect info, this info is then passed onto short term memory
(STM). If this info is rehearsed it is then passed to the Long term memory (LTM).
Info is lost if…

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Joe Verbena

ethics as there may not be permission for the researchers to use the
o The information about the 3 stores are supported by research e.g Conrad
supports the idea of STM acoustic encoding.
o Distinction between STM and LTM supported by many studies. Shallice and

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Joe Verbena

Show process of information as well as explaining the storage.
It shows there are more than one way to encode information.
The central executive has not been researched enough to fully understand it.
It does not say much about the LTM.
It does not explain the visuo…

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Joe Verbena

Supports reconstructive memory hypothesis where information retained at the time
of an event can be altered or influence in some way by information presented after
the event.
Well controlled experiment although it lacks ecological validity as it is a laboratory
You can't tell whether memory is…

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Joe Verbena

Fisher (1987) found witnesses were frequently bombarded with brief, direct
Witnesses often interrupted and not allowed to finish.
Fisher felt this was unhelpful as it produced shorter questions and less detail.
Therefore they was not getting accurate accounts of events.
The cognitive interview developed by Geiselman:

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Joe Verbena


An attachment is a strong emotional relationship between two people that develops over
time and is reciprocal.

Evolutionary perspective (Bowlby)

This theory says that's attachment is a behaviour that has evolved because of survival and
Monotropy: The innate drive that a child has to secure attachment…

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Joe Verbena

Secure base: Having an attachment allows the child to explore the environment whilst having
a secure base to come back to if they feel threatened.
Secure attachment: Allows child to be more confident, allows independence.
Internal working model: The infant develops a model about emotional relationships. This

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Joe Verbena

Harlow's Monkey's:
o Laboratory experiment (lacks ecological validity)
o Harlow made two wire monkeys, one had a bottle (food) and one was wrapped in
cloth (comfort).
o Learning theory says that the monkey should have been attached to the monkey
who offered food, but the monkeys were actually…

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Joe Verbena

Findings: 3 main types of attachment. From this study a 4 type was added insecure disorganised.
60-65% secure. 20% Insecure anxious. 12% Insecure resistant. 5-10% insecure disorganised.

Secure Insecure avoidant Insecure resistant
Separation anxiety Distress on separation Little distress on separation Distress on separation

Stranger anxiety When mother…

Page 10

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Joe Verbena

Grossman and Grossman (Germany): Found that there are different child rearing practises
that affect attachments. E.g Parents and children keep a distance between them, so they
seem to be insecurely attached.
Takahashi (Japan): Found that Japanese children are rarely left on their own, when they
conducted the experiment…




this is really good lol



lol i agree Moxham



REALLY GOOD, thank you

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