AS AQA Psychology Research methods booklet

This is a booklet containing all the different research methods, definitions, strengths and weaknesses. This booklet is helpful for evaluations and research methods questions! :)

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  • Created on: 22-05-12 17:02
Preview of AS AQA Psychology Research methods booklet

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Exam: PSYA1 Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology and Research
Methods
Research
Methods
PSYA1: Cognitive Psychology, Developmental
Psychology and Research Methods
This booklet contains descriptions and evaluations of anything to do with research
methods, alongside guidance on how to put things into practice.
1

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Exam: PSYA1 Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology and Research
Methods
Contents
What the specification says: 2
Research in psychology; aims, sampling, ethical issues, validity, 4
reliability, pilot studies
Methods in Psychology:
Experiments 12
Correlations 21
Self-reports (questionnaires and interviews) 25
Observations 30
Content analysis 37
Case studies 39
Analysing and presenting data: quantitative and qualitative data, 40
central tendency, dispersion, presenting quantitative and qualitative
data
2…read more

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Exam: PSYA1 Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology and Research
Methods
What the specification says:
Candidates will be expected to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the
following Research Methods, their advantages and weaknesses:
Experimental method, including laboratory, field and natural experiments
Studies using a correlational analysis
Observational techniques
Self-report techniques including questionnaire and interview
Case studies
Knowledge and understanding of Research Methodsshould be developed through:
Direct study of Research Methods
Undertaking practical research activities involvingcollection, analysis and
interpretation of qualitativeand quantitative data
Analysis and evaluation of studies…read more

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Exam: PSYA1 Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology and Research
Methods
Analysis and interpretation of quantitative data: measures of central
tendencyincluding median, mean, mode and measures of dispersion including
ranges andstandard deviation
Analysis and interpretation of correlational data.…read more

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Exam: PSYA1 Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology and Research
Methods
Research in psychology
All research will begin with an aim. This is written as a formal statement of what
you intend to investigate. Sometimes researchers will have one specific aim other
times there may be several aims linked to the overall aim.
Having stated your aim(s), you will also need to select a sample, ensure your
research is ethical, valid and reliable and that you have piloted your study to make
sure it works.…read more

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Exam: PSYA1 Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology and Research
Methods
Random sampling
The researcher has access to all members of the identified target population- e.g.
via a sampling frame such as the electoral register, college list etc.…read more

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Exam: PSYA1 Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology and Research
Methods
Ethical issues
These are the guidelines set out by the BPS British Psychological Society which tell
psychologists how they can and can't treat participants in research.…read more

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Exam: PSYA1 Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology and Research
Methods
between the results of the two tests. For example, correlating the results from the
same people tested by a new intelligence test and an older established one.
Internal validity: the extent to which a study is free of bias
Controls: reduce the impact of extraneous variables. Enables us to say the IV in an
experiment (rather than something else) caused a change in the DV.…read more

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Exam: PSYA1 Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology and Research
Methods
When you assess the reliability of a measure, you should consider the
following:
Were standardised procedures used?
Were standardised instructions used?
Were the tasks standardised?
Was the scoring/measurement standardised?
Were there any problems or biases in the way that the tests were
administered that prevented them being standardised?
Would you get the same results again with a similar group of participants?
Was there any test of inter-rater reliability* (for observational measures)
Are there any problems interpreting…read more

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Exam: PSYA1 Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology and Research
Methods
Methods in Psychology
Experiments
Aim to see if a change in the dependent variable (measured behaviour) was caused
by an independent variable
IV is the thing we think is the cause of a behaviour/change in
behaviour
DV is the behaviour we are interested in studying
Control extraneous variables so we can be confident they haven't affected the DV
Usually compare different conditions (with/without the IV)
Test a hypothesis/a number of hypotheses
Laboratory experiments
IV is manipulated…read more

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