AQA AS UNIT 2 PSYCHOLOGY JANUARY 2011 MARK SCHEME

mark scheme for biological, social + individual differences exam.......

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Preview of AQA AS UNIT 2 PSYCHOLOGY JANUARY 2011 MARK SCHEME

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General Certificate of Education (A-level)
January 2011
Psychology A PSYA2
(Specification 2180)
Unit 2: Biological Psychology, Social
Psychology and Individual Differences
Post-Standardisation
Mark Scheme

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Mark schemes are prepared by the Principal Examiner and considered, together with the relevant
questions, by a panel of subject teachers. This mark scheme includes any amendments made at the
standardisation events which all examiners participate in and is the scheme which was used by them
in this examination. The standardisation process ensures that the mark scheme covers the
candidates' responses to questions and that every examiner understands and applies it in the same
correct way.…read more

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Mark Scheme ­ General Certificate of Education (A-level) Psychology A
Unit 2: Biological Psychology, Social Psychology and Individual Differences ­ January 2011
SECTION A BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
Question 1 a
AO1 = 4 marks Knowledge of stress in everyday life
Life changes = A, D, F, G
Daily hassles = B, C, E, H
Candidates to select two from each group. 1 mark for each correct answer.…read more

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Mark Scheme ­ General Certificate of Education (A-level) Psychology A
Unit 2: Biological Psychology, Social Psychology and Individual Differences ­ January 2011
Question 2
AO3 = 2 marks + 2 marks Use and understanding of research methods
Ethical issues could include:
· Informed consent
· Right to withdraw
· Protection from harm
· Anonymity
· Confidentiality
· Deception
Any relevant ethical issue can receive credit, but the question requires candidates to explain
the ethical issue.…read more

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Mark Scheme ­ General Certificate of Education (A-level) Psychology A
Unit 2: Biological Psychology, Social Psychology and Individual Differences ­ January 2011
Question 3 b
AO1 = 3 marks Outline of an emotion-focused approach to coping with
stress
Emotion focused coping involves strategies that deal with the emotions linked with the stress,
rather than the stress itself. These might include, denial, venting, wishful thinking etc.
1 mark for a basic statement and further 2 marks for elaboration.…read more

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Mark Scheme ­ General Certificate of Education (A-level) Psychology A
Unit 2: Biological Psychology, Social Psychology and Individual Differences ­ January 2011
SECTION B SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
Question 5
AO1 = 3 marks + 3 marks Knowledge of types of social influence
Informational social influence is where someone conforms because they do not know what to
do, but they want to be correct. They follow the majority because the assume that the
majority know what is the right thing to do.…read more

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Mark Scheme ­ General Certificate of Education (A-level) Psychology A
Unit 2: Biological Psychology, Social Psychology and Individual Differences ­ January 2011
Question 7
AO1 = 4 marks Knowledge and understanding of explanations of independent
behaviour
AO2 = 4 marks Commentary on these explanations
The focus of this question is on explanations of independent behaviour, but candidates may
offer explanations relating to the resistance to either conformity or obedience or indeed both.…read more

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Mark Scheme ­ General Certificate of Education (A-level) Psychology A
Unit 2: Biological Psychology, Social Psychology and Individual Differences ­ January 2011
AO2 Commentary on these explanations
4 marks Effective commentary
Effective commentary that demonstrates sound evaluation of explanations of
independent behaviour.
3 marks Reasonable commentary
Reasonable commentary that demonstrates some evaluation of explanations of
independent behaviour.
2 marks Basic commentary
Basic commentary into the explanations of independent behaviour.
1 mark Rudimentary
Rudimentary, muddled commentary on independent behaviour, demonstrating very
limited knowledge.…read more

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Mark Scheme ­ General Certificate of Education (A-level) Psychology A
Unit 2: Biological Psychology, Social Psychology and Individual Differences ­ January 2011
SECTION C INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
Question 9
AO1 = 1 mark Identification of definition of abnormality
AO2 = 2 marks Limitation of definition
The definitions on the specification are:
· Deviation from social norms
· Failure to function adequately
· Deviation ideal mental health
However, other definitions are also creditworthy (eg statistical infrequency).…read more

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Mark Scheme ­ General Certificate of Education (A-level) Psychology A
Unit 2: Biological Psychology, Social Psychology and Individual Differences ­ January 2011
Question 10
AO3 = 4 marks Drawing conclusions from data
Possible conclusions:
· Some therapies are more successful for some disorders than other therapies.
· For some disorders there is little difference between the different types of therapy.
· For disorder A, biological therapies are much more effective than any other therapy.…read more

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