AQA AS History - Impact of Chairman Mao - Aftermath of the Great Leap Forward

AQA AS History, notes I've made from the AQA AS History, Impact of Chairman Mao: China 1946-76.

These notes are on the aftermath of the Great Leap Forward.

Hope they're helpful!

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S3.7, Aftermath of the Great Leap Forward ­
(Results and the Third Five Year Plan)

`The whole nation realised the truth of what Chairman Mao had been saying for years ­ that
agriculture was and must be the foundation of the national economy.'
[J.Horn, Away With All Pests, 1969]
J.Horn…

Page 2

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S3.7, Aftermath of the Great Leap Forward ­
(Results and the Third Five Year Plan)

It's difficult to find positives of Great Leap Forward:
Mass mobilisation on large scale irrigation produced fertile land.
Beijing gained new boulevards at the expense of old city walls.
Tiananmen Square was built.
Developed own…

Page 3

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S3.7, Aftermath of the Great Leap Forward ­
(Results and the Third Five Year Plan)

June 1961 -> peasants could cultivate own private plots and communes provided finicaial incentive
to encourage work. And Communes were soon breaking down to smaller units.
By 1962 -> 25 million peasants drifted to towns…

Page 4

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S3.7, Aftermath of the Great Leap Forward ­
(Results and the Third Five Year Plan)

Liu and Dengs priority from GLF was to put China back on its feet, even if by restoring private
farming and trade.
They believed economic development should be in the hands of the technical experts,…

Page 5

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S3.7, Aftermath of the Great Leap Forward ­
(Results and the Third Five Year Plan)

Aimed to root out corruption amongst Party Cadres. [showing difference on Liu methods and Mao's]
Mao wanted to use mass mobilisation of struggle meetings against Party Officials.
Under Liu, approach was central control and imposing…

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S3.7, Aftermath of the Great Leap Forward ­
(Results and the Third Five Year Plan)

Support
Mao knew he had support of Lin Biao and the PLA and Jiang Qing and her intellectual allies in
Shanghai. Along with Chen Boda and Kang Sheng.




Cult of Mao Zedong
Presented through propaganda…

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