AQA A2 - The Cosmological Argument Revision Pack

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The cosmological argument is an a posteriori argument that attempts to prove the
existence of God by inferring the cosmos requires a creator. The classic
comosmolgical argument goes as follows:
Things come into exisitence because something has caused them to
These things are caused to exisit but they don't have to exist
There is a chain of causes that goes back to the beginning of the universe
which was when time began
There must have a first casue, which bought the universe into existence
and this first cause must have necessary existence to cause the contingent universe
God has necessay existence and therefore he must be the first cause of the contingent universe's
The three key things you have to remember when following this argument are: 1) The
chain of cause and effect is absolute 2) There can be no infinite regress and 3) There is a
difference between contingent and necessary
Aquinas' Three ways
Thomas Aquinas came up with three versions of the cosmological argument. He tried to
bring together reason and faith and to show why God must have cause the universe
Hume's criticisms

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We cannot know anything about the cause of the universe. Experience is the foundation of all our
knowledge. Through habit we make associations of cause and effect. We have no direct experience
of the cause of the universe. Our ideas of a necessary being go beyond all possible experience.
Why, if everything else is caused, would the universe not be caused?
2. Fallacy of composition.…read more

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This argument lays out two types of infinite; potential infinite and actual infinite.
Potential infinite: exists if it is always possible to add more to a series of things or
events ­ it is possible to think of the future as a potential infinite. However, it is
never actual infinity.
Actual infinite: a mathematical concept. It refers to sets or collections of things with
an infinite number of members. It is not growing toward infinity because it is infinite
already.…read more

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It could be argued that there is no need to have an agent making a choice between having a
universe and not having one. The universe would have just begun at a random point without a
conscious choice being made.
2. The Kalam argument is self-contradicting when it says that there is no actual infinity in the world as
it uses actual infinity to prove God.
3. Even if the Kalam argument is accepted it doesn't point to a God
4.…read more

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This can be explained with the example of a small cup of treacle. The cup is broken and the treacle
expands; everything becomes less dense. The decrease of density (by expansion) is balanced by the
creation of more treacle that fills its place. For the treacle to condense, it must come from as
reservoir if treacle. The reservoir is negative, so doesn't dilute along with expanding treacle.…read more



One obvious mistake when glancing though this: it was PENZIAS AND WILSON who detected afterglow of Big Bang not Denzias

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