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LUDWIG WITTGENSTEIN argued that propositions can be meaningful when analysed
in the right context, these contexts are called language games.
What is or is not meaningful cannot be discussed independently of the
language game they are a part of.
What is Wittgenstein's theory of religious language as Religious language is…

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Religion then, formalises and contains the attitudes and emotions in a group
which might otherwise be destructive.

Social science attempts to explain religion in terms a social phenomenon by finding
features that religions have in common.
What are Edward Tylor + Max Muller's SOCIAL SCIENCE EDWARD TYLOR argued that all…

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The most basic form of religion is not naturism or animism but totemism.
The totem represents all that is sacred within a group or a clan. All that is
divine or has authority is so through some connection with the totem.
Through the totem, society deifies itself and makes itself…

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Criticism: This requires that we have some bodily continuity between now and the
What are some criticisms of John Hick's eschatological
argument? Criticism: How can we verify God when we reach the afterlife? How will we know
what God is?

Criticism: Religious statements have an impact on people's lives…

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Criticism: R. M. Hare's blik is an example of a belief that is unfalsifiable but still
very meaningful to the believer. Of course, this cannot be used to convince others
of the belief.
Criticism: The cosmological attempt to infer God from empirical data as does the
problem of evil.

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If God is omnipotent and omniscient then his `divine plan' should already
be in order, why does he need to intervene to redirect it? Surely God
What are some general arguments against miracles? cannot make mistakes.
How can an atemporal God intervene in the temporal order of things?
God's choices…

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Criticism: How can a miracle possibly violate a law of nature? Any event that
seems to breach a law of nature can just be acknowledged and incorporated into
What is a criticism to the claim that miracles break the laws a new, more all-encompassing law; this is the basic principle…

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Response: HUME distinguishes between miracles and marvels. Miracles
are dubious because past experience would point to them being false, marvels
What are some criticisms to Hume's opinion that we should lack past experience that could disprove and so should be open to fresh inquiry.
be sceptical of miracles and of…

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In the words of HUME; "a wise man proportions his belief to the
evidence", so no evidence, no belief.

THOMAS AQUINAS believed that reason and faith can support belief together.
Reason through natural theology can teach us a lot of things about
God, for example AQUINAS' 5 ways are a…

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Criticism: For the wager to work there must be one true God and one religion to
choose, otherwise one takes a huge gamble on following the wrong religion.

Criticism: The wager reduces faith to `spiritual life insurance', something that
appeals to self interest rather than a want to serve God.…


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