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What are the issues associated with the development of cold environments? Case
study- Alaskan tundra

General facts

Contains the world's 4th largest glaciated area, 40% of USA's surface
water, largest fisheries, wilderness areas and land designated as parks,
reserves, and wildlife refuges.
Large oil/gas reserves
Significant indigenous population (gwich'in, inupint…

Page 2

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Oil pumped along TAP's (trans Alaskan pipeline) from Prudhoe bay at 80
degrees C.
Warm oil causes thawing of permafrost
Pipeline sits on insulated supports up to 3m above ground to span rivers and
allow migration of Caribou and other animals
Costs $8 billion to build- started in 1968

Page 3

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3-16 billion barrels oil in 1002. The Oil deposits in ANWR are scattered
USA uses 7 billion barrels per year, more widespread infrastructure
high demand for oil. meaning more damage.
New drilling techniques will leave only Disturbance from transport like
small footprint on environment helicopters
(horizontal drilling)
Income from oil…




The resource is very good but I clicked on one star accidentally sorry !

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