Detailed Case Studies for A Level Geography

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Case studies used in Year 12
Population Food supply issues
1. Newcastle ­Scotswood inner city 1. From FACE online­ environmental stewardship
redevelopment, Castle Ward (rural/urban 2. Kukri Mukri & Appropriate Technology Asia
fringe) ­ appropriate technology -
2. UK population, plus
3. Zimbabwe Kenya from the website
4. Kerala ­ population movement and control 3. Malaysia - Commercial plantation farming
5. Iran's Baby boom 4. China ­ collectivised farming
6. HIV in sub Saharan Africa 5. Brazil ­ recent changes in farming
7. China's one child policy 6. India - Green Revolution and land reform
8. Columbia ­ population change 7. CAP in the European Union
9. Italy ­ ageing population 8. Unilever ­ a TNC
10. London Plus case studies from agriculture types presentations -
Extensive commercial pastoralism in the Pampas,
Irrigation agriculture in the Nile Valley, Intensive
subsistence farming in the Ganges Valley Intensive
commercial mixed agriculture in the Netherlands
Cold environments Rivers and management
1. Alaska and Canada (Old Crow flats & 1002 Bangladesh flooding
lands in ANWAR) ­ periglacial development York ­ flooding and management
2. The Southern Oceans and Antarctica ­ River Breamish­ changing river characteristics
development of a fragile environment York ­ factors affecting drainage basins and
3. Obruchev glacier - Glacial systems hydrographs
4. Examples of landforms from the landforms 3 Gorges dam ­ river management
presentations ­ the Lake District and
Switzerland will do fine.
5. Gornergletscher Glacier ­ melt water example
6. Canada (including Fort St James British
Columbia, Nunavut, Saskatchewan) ­
fluvioglacial landforms.
7. Northern Canada and Western Greenland ­
periglacial features
Bold and underlined ­ all of these cases studies are expected in the Specification, and as such will normally
form the basis of an answer for the top mark questions ­ 8 to 15 marks
All of the others are supportive examples where you will not need as much detail about the case study, but were
you will need them to access top marks on some of the questions. You could also use them in the longer
questions to demonstrate a breadth of knowledge and offer variety in your response.
Also included in this guide are lists of past paper questions and some templates for revising these important
case studies, plus an explained annotated 15 mark answer

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Bangladesh (LEDC)
What it shows
1. Example of drainage basin influences and managing flood hazards.
2. Impact of river management on river processes.
3. Impact of rising sea levels on human use of the coastline.
4. How deltas are created.
Causes of flooding in Bangladesh:
1. Tectonic uplift of the Himalayas means that erosion rates of sediment increase as the rivers have more potential for vertical
erosion as base level is changed.…read more

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York and the River Ouse
MEDC river process management, flooding, hydrographs, river regimes, drainage basin influences.
Location ­ Located in the north of England, this drainage basin covers most of the Yorkshire Dales and the Vale of York, the river
eventually enters the north sea via the Humber estuary.
Drainage Basin Influences - There are 8 major influences on the discharge of the river Ouse. These could be transferred to any major
drainage basin.
Physical factors
1.…read more

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Flood control schemes ­ From North to South along the River Ouse
Clifton Ings ­ a flood washlands scheme, the land here is surrounded by embankments and is allowed to flood to save the city of
York, it can hold 2.3million cubic meters of water.
Leeman road ­ Embankments have been built here from residue from the sugar beet factory. They are quite far away from the rivers
edge to increase the channel capacity (it can thus hold more water).…read more

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Alaska and ANWAR - (Old Crow flats & 1002 lands in ANWAR) ­ periglacial development
The tundra is one of our most Northerly ecosystems and covers a huge tract of land running
between latitudes of 50°N (where there is no modifying sea influence) to 80°N. Winters are
long and cold, minimum temperatures are very low, with some mean monthly temperatures
as low as MINUS 25°C, with little influence from the sea and ocean currents. In some areas
because of the tilt of the Earth (23.…read more

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The Southern Oceans and Antarctica ­ development of a fragile environment
Antarctica is a large continent bigger than continental Europe that is approximately centred on the South Pole. The area is composed
of huge ice sheets, continental ice masses, Nunataks (mountain peaks with no ice on them) and ice shelves (areas of floating sea ice).…read more

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The Antarctic is protected in many ways, but people are concerned that tourism and its increasing numbers could become
The IAATO (International Association of Antarctic Tour Operators) is an organisation which rules the companies and tries to be
environmentally friendly. They regulate the boat companies and try to ensure a sustainable future for the ice continent.
Indeed, Boats are limited to 500 passengers which should reduce the impact of tourism.…read more

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Newcastle ­ Scotswood (inner city redevelopment), Castle Ward (rural/urban
Settlement and population characteristics case studies and the IMPLICATIONS
for social welfare
These case studies are all about how the social welfare (well being of the people) of populations is influenced by where they live
within a settlement. The characteristics of a settlement area affects the environment in which people live and hence their
lifestyles, and local governments have to respond to any issues that result.…read more

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UK population
The UK has a declining birth rate within its indigenous population BUT has a birth rate above replacement rate within its migrant
population, particularly mothers who were born in India, Pakistan and Poland. Therefore, on balance the UK has a slow growth
birth rate. Life expectancy is increasing and has done so for many decades. This means that the UK has a slowly ageing population
and the potential for decline in the working population creating a higher dependency ratio and potential problems.…read more

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Various campaigns have been run to improve public health including anti-smoking campaigns. In 1948, 65 per cent of Britain's male
population smoked. By 2008 that number had dropped to just 25 per cent. Taxation on smoking is also huge, in an attempt to cut
consumption, and there are age restrictions on who can smoke. Various other campaigns have been run such as encouraging men to
check for testicular cancers, whilst immunisations are freely available and encouraged.…read more


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