Aims, Successes, Failures, Weaknesses and Strengths of the LofN

This document has two tables. One lists the Aims of the League of Nations and gives examples of Successes and Failures for each aim. The second page has a list of weaknesses and strengths of the league and evidence of where those strengths and weaknesses are shown. Hope this helps, especially with your Point > Evidence > Explaination Structure.

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Aim Successes Failures
To encourage nations to disarm Washington Conference: USA, World Disarmament
Britain, France and Japan agreed Conference: 59 countries were
to limit the size of their navies. present but the conference
collapsed with no agreement.
Germany wanted other countries
to disarm but France was too
afraid. When Germany withdrew
everyone realised Hitler was
rearming Germany.
To encourage nations to The Dawes Plan: The USA, lent Didn't really do much for this aim.
cooperate especially in business money to Germany to try and The Wall Street Crash further
and trade avert a terrible economic crisis. worsened this crisis, due to the
fact that the USA had lent so
much money to other countries.
To discourage aggression from Aaland Islands: Contains Vilna: Mainly polish but
any nation (to keep international Swedish but closer to Finland. appointed capital of Lithuania.
peace) Both wanted control ­ appealed to Poland appealed to league and
league. Compromise ­ belong to attacked Vilna. French didn't want
Finland but protections on to upset Poland who could be a
Swedish language and culture. future ally and Britain would not
act alone. The league did nothing.
Greece and Bulgaria: Greek
troops invaded Bulgaria when Corfu: Italian general shot dead
some soldiers were killed on the while investigating border dispute
border. Bulgaria appealed for help. between Greece and Albania
League condemned Greece, (Italian Ally). Mussolini demanded
ordering it to pull out and pay compensation then invaded Corfu
compensation. Greece (in Greece). Greece appealed to
complained about biased rules but the league but Mussolini
complied so it didn't annoy major threatened to leave if they
countries. intervened. League condemned
Italy and Mussolini officially
KelloggBriand pact: Signed in agreed but persuaded the
total by 62 countries (including conference of ambassadors to
USA) to say they won't use war to overturn the ruling. In the end
settle disputes Greece paid compensation to
Despite the success of the
KelloggBriand pact it was largely
ignored and it was difficult to
To improve living and working I.L.O.: Banned poisonous white Tried to have max. 48hr week but
conditions of people across the lead from paint and limited only minority of members agreed.
world. working hours for small children.
Most successful of the league's Not everyone enforced the rulings
agencies. of the ILO even though all the
members agreed.
League returned 400 000 refugees
to their home
Upholding the Treaty of Versailles Locarno Treaties: Germany France invaded the Ruhr in 1923
accepted it's Western borders as to force the Germans to pay
set out in the treaty of Versailles. Reparations. Due to France's

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issued a general strike so there
were no goods to take.
Strengths and Weaknesses of the League of Nations
Weakness Example
The US didn't joined even Abyssinian Crisis: League imposed
though it was the most economic sanctions but USA was a major
powerful country. supplier and they weren't part of the
league of nations so the sanctions were
Other powerful countries like Manchurian Crisis: USSR would have
Germany and the USSR were had a powerful enough army to defeat
not members at first.…read more

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Strengths Example
Popular and well supported ­ After around 10 million dead in WW1, 42
especially collective security. countries joined the league. 60 members
by the 1930s.
Specialist in each area, They had commissions for slavery,
focused. Mandates, Refugees and Health plus
more.…read more


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